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Detecting people in images is key for several important application domains in computer vision. This paper presents an in-depth experimental study on pedestrian classification; multiple feature-classifier combinations are examined with respect to their ROC performance and efficiency. We investigate global versus local and adaptive versus nonadaptive(More)
This paper presents a multi-cue vision system for the real-time detection and tracking of pedestrians from a moving vehicle. The detection component involves a cascade of modules, each utilizing complementary visual criteria to successively narrow down the image search space, balancing robustness and efficiency considerations. Novel is the tight integration(More)
This paper presents a novel probabilistic approach to hierarchical, exemplar-based shape matching. No feature correspondence is needed among exemplars, just a suitable pairwise similarity measure. The approach uses a template tree to efficiently represent and match the variety of shape exemplars. The tree is generated offline by a bottom-up clustering(More)
The ability to recognize humans and their activities by vision is key for a machine to interact intelligently and eortlessly with a human-inhabited environment. Because of many potentially important applications , \Looking at People" is currently one of the most active a p-plication domains in computer vision. This survey identiies a number of promising(More)
Pedestrian detection is a rapidly evolving area in computer vision with key applications in intelligent vehicles, surveillance, and advanced robotics. The objective of this paper is to provide an overview of the current state of the art from both methodological and experimental perspectives. The first part of the paper consists of a survey. We cover the(More)
This paper presents a novel mixture-of-experts framework for pedestrian classification with partial occlusion handling. The framework involves a set of component-based expert classifiers trained on features derived from intensity, depth and motion. To handle partial occlusion, we compute expert weights that are related to the degree of visibility of the(More)
We present a vision system for the 3-D model-based tracking of unconstrained human movement. Using image sequences acquired simultaneously from multiple views, we recover the 3-D body pose at each time instant without the use of markers. The pose-recovery problem is formulated as a search problem and entails nding the pose parameters of a graphical human(More)
— Stereo vision is an attractive passive sensing technique for obtaining three-dimensional (3-D) measurements. Recent hardware advances have given rise to a new class of real-time dense disparity estimation algorithms. This paper examines their suitability for intelligent vehicle (IV) applications. In order to gain a better understanding of the performance(More)
This paper presents a Bayesian framework for multi-cue 3D object tracking of deformable objects. The proposed spatio-temporal object representation involves a set of distinct linear subspace models or Dynamic Point Distribution Models (DPDMs), which can deal with both continuous and discontinuous appearance changes; the representation is learned fully(More)