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BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to evaluate the involvement of proinflammatory cytokines (interferon-gamma [INF-gamma], interleukin [IL]-6) and anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-4, IL-l0, IL-13) in patients undergoing Lichtenstein tension-free hernioplasty (LH) using polypropylene prosthetic materials or conventional Bassini hernia (BH) repair. (More)
BACKGROUND The recommended second-line therapy for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication is a quadruple regimen that fails in up to 30% of patients. Several recent studies suggest levofloxacin-based triple therapies as an alternative rescue treatment. However, dosage and length of levofloxacin-based regimens have not been established. AIM To compare(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) consists of two distinct clinical forms, ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD), with unknown aetiology, which nevertheless are considered to share almost identical pathophysiological backgrounds. Up to date, a full coherent mechanistic explanation for IBD is still lacking, but people start to realize that the(More)
Low-grade intestinal inflammation plays a key role in the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and this role is likely to be multifactorial. The aim of this review was to summarize the evidence on the spectrum of mucosal inflammation in IBS, highlighting the relationship of this inflammation to the pathophysiology of IBS and its connection to(More)
BACKGROUND There is no standard practice in the induction of colitis by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic (TNBS) acid. Usually, the repeated administration of TNBS is preferred, because it will result in a local Th1 response that has the characteristics of Crohn`s disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 30 rats were randomized into two groups, consisting(More)
In the setting of the curative oncological surgery, the gastric surgery is exposed to complicated upper gastrointestinal leaks, and consequently the management of this problem has become more critically focused than was previously possible. We report here three cases of placement of a partially silicone-coated SEMS (Evolution Controlled Release Esophageal(More)
An association between multiple sclerosis and autoimmune hepatitis has been described. The latter can also be unmasked or exacerbated by a variety of therapies used in multiple sclerosis, such as beta-Interferon or glatiramer acetate. Two cases of hepatitis occurring after exposure to glatiramer acetate are described here: the first, was possibly due to(More)
Hepatic flares induced by disease-modifying treatments in patients with multiple sclerosis. Abstract Introduction Multiple sclerosis is a chronic inflam-matory disease of the central nervous system of autoimmune origin. During the last decades, several disease modifying therapies have been licensed that ameliorate the course of the disease. The purpose of(More)
INTRODUCTION Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL) is one of the most curable malignant diseases. Modern treatments, like the combined radiochemotherapy and stem cell transplantation, have increased the number of malignant disease survivors. However, HL survivors are at risk of long-term effects, including the development of solid tumors. Secondary neoplasms are a major(More)