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The generation of EST information is an essential step in the genomic characterisation of species. In the context of the European Network Marine Genomics, a common goal was to significantly increase the amount of ESTs in commercial marine mollusk species and more specifically in the less studied but ecologically and commercially important groups, such as(More)
Cases of heavy metal resistance acquisition have already been demonstrated in eukaryotes, which involve metallothionein (MT) gene duplication or amplification mechanisms. We characterized in a marine bivalve, Crassostrea gigas, a gene coding for an unusual MT, which has never been described in other species. Our results illustrate a unique case of exon(More)
Although bivalves are among the most-studied marine organisms because of their ecological role and economic importance, very little information is available on the genome sequences of oyster species. This report documents three large-scale cDNA sequencing projects for the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas initiated to provide a large number of expressed(More)
The effects of pesticide contamination on the metabolism of marine molluscs are poorly documented. We investigated the response of a marine bivalve, the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, using a suppression subtractive hybridization method to identify up- and down-regulated genes after a 30-day exposure period to herbicides (a cocktail of atrazine, diuron(More)
Metallothionein (MT) genes encode essential metal-binding proteins involved in metallic homeostasis and detoxification in living organisms. Here, we describe the structure of the first Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas metallothionein (CgMT1) gene and the sequences of two other MT cDNA. The CgMT1 gene sequence contains three coding exons plus a 5' entirely(More)
The molecular response to hypoxia stress in aquatic invertebrates remains relatively unknown. In this study, we investigated the response of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas to hypoxia under experimental conditions and focused on the analysis of the differential expression patterns of specific genes associated with hypoxia response. A suppression(More)
The eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica, and the Pacific oyster, C. gigas, are species of global economic significance as well as important components of estuarine ecosystems and models for genetic and environmental studies. To enhance the molecular tools available for oyster research, an international group of collaborators has constructed a(More)
A recombinant metallothionein CgMT1, from the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, was synthesized and used as antigen in the development of antibodies and a specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The ELISA showed that rabbit anti-CgMT1 IgG reacted with purified CgMT1 and MTs from other marine bivalves, indicating its suitability as a reagent to(More)
The heat shock protein 70 family is composed of both environmentally inducible (Hsp) and constitutively expressed (Hsc) members. We sequenced two genes encoding Hsp70 and Hsc70 in the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis. The Oehsc70 gene contained introns, while the Oehsp70 gene did not. The corresponding amino acid sequences contained the characteristic(More)
The 70-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp) family is composed of both environmentally inducible (Hsp) and constitutively expressed (Hsc) family members. We sequenced 2 genes encoding an Hsp70 and an Hsc70 in the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. The Cghsc70 gene contained introns, whereas the Cghsp70 gene did not. Moreover, the corresponding amino acid sequences(More)