Dario Leosco

Learn More
BACKGROUND The role of cardiac natriuretic peptides in the management of patients with chronic heart failure (HF) remains uncertain. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether natriuretic peptide-guided therapy, compared to clinically-guided therapy, improves mortality and hospitalization rate in patients with chronic HF. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with chronic heart failure have elevated levels of proinflammatory cytokines; however, the mechanism for their increased expression and the site of their production are unknown. METHODS Twenty-two patients with heart failure, New York Heart Association functional class II to IV, underwent hemodynamic evaluation and echocardiographic(More)
AIMS We investigated whether exercise training could promote angiogenesis and improve blood perfusion and left ventricular (LV) remodelling of the post-myocardial infarction (MI) failing heart. We also explored the contribution of ameliorated beta-adrenergic receptor signalling and function on the overall improvement of cardiac contractility reserve induced(More)
AIMS The G protein-coupled receptor kinase-2 (GRK2 or beta-ARK1) regulates beta-adrenergic receptors (beta-ARs) in the heart, and its cardiac expression is elevated in human heart failure (HF). We sought to determine whether myocardial levels and activity of GRK2 could be monitored using white blood cells, which have been used to study cardiac beta-ARs.(More)
The effects of dynamic exercise on restenosis after vascular injury are still unknown. The consequences of balloon dilation-induced injury on neointimal hyperplasia, vascular negative remodeling, and reendothelialization were assessed in sedentary and trained rats. Ex vivo eNOS vascular expression and activity were investigated in carotid arteries isolated(More)
AIMS Insulin (Ins) resistance (IRES) associates to increased cardiovascular risk as observed in metabolic syndrome. Chronic stimulation of beta-adrenergic receptors (betaAR) due to exaggerated sympathetic nervous system activity is involved in the pathogenesis of IRES. The cellular levels of G protein coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) increase during chronic(More)
We assessed the impact of type 2 diabetes, in the presence of other major cardiovascular risk factors, on coronary microvascular function and myocardial perfusion in patients without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). In this prospective study, 23 patients with type 2 diabetes and 26 nondiabetic patients matched for age, sex and other cardiovascular(More)
Despite significant advances in pharmacological and clinical treatment, heart failure (HF) remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. HF is a chronic and progressive clinical syndrome characterized by a reduction in left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction and adverse remodeling of the myocardium. The past several years have seen(More)
Myocardial asynergies detected by two-dimensional echocardiography during intravenous administration of Dipyridamole (0.75 mg/kg) were evaluated in 54 patients referred for angiographic evaluation of chest pain. Technically adequate two-dimensional echocardiograms suitable for analysis were recorded in 42 of 54 (77.7%) patients studied. Thallium-201(More)