Dario Giuseppe Lombardi

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Colon carcinoma is the second most common cause of death from cancer. The isolation and characterization of tumorigenic colon cancer cells may help to devise novel diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Although there is increasing evidence that a rare population of undifferentiated cells is responsible for tumour formation and maintenance, this has not(More)
PURPOSE Cancer stem cells (CSC) are thought to represent the population of tumorigenic cells responsible for tumor development. The stem cell antigen CD133 identifies such a tumorigenic population in a subset of glioblastoma patients. We conducted a prospective study to explore the prognostic potential of CSC analysis in glioblastoma patients. (More)
Glioblastoma multiforme is a severe form of cancer most likely arising from the transformation of stem or progenitor cells resident in the brain. Although the tumorigenic population in glioblastoma is defined as composed by cancer stem cells (CSCs), the cellular target of the transformation hit remains to be identified. Glioma stem cells (SCs) are thought(More)
This study compares the lipid membrane interactions of indacaterol, an ultra long acting beta-2 agonist that is given once a day, to salmeterol, a twice a day beta-2 agonist, in order to elucidate the potential mechanisms leading to their different pharmacological properties. Salmeterol but not indacaterol perturbed dimyristoyl-phosphatidylcholine(More)
The specific mechanism underlying the genesis of vasogenic brain edema is still debated: the role of arachidonic acid is considered extremely important, as it is a possible activator of self-maintaining reactions enhancing the release of vasoactive and cytotoxic compounds. The relationship between arachidonic acid metabolism and brain edema has been studied(More)
We have studied the pattern of enzymatic antioxidant activities (Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase = SOD, Mn-SOD and glutathione peroxidase = GSH-Px) in brain cortex of rats subjected to experimental induction of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), in order to discuss the modifications of antioxidant systems in relation to the development of lipid peroxidative(More)
Lipid peroxidation has been considered one of the most important factors involved in the pathogenesis of neuronal damage following subarachnoid hemorrhage. In the brain, the protective systems most involved against peroxidative and free radicals generated reactions are superoxide-dismutase (SOD) and glutathione-peroxidase (GSH-Px). Since these activities(More)
In the present study we have investigated the effects of high-dose methylprednisolone (MP) treatment on the 'ex vivo' release of four major eicosanoids in an experimental model of subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) with the aim of verifying: (a) the efficacy in reducing arachidonic acid metabolism enhancement; (b) whether high-dose methylprednisolone is(More)
Patients treated for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage show, in the long-term follow up, an elevated rate of cognitive disturbances that are mainly related to the impact of the initial bleeding: the neurotoxic effects of blood deposition in subarachnoidal spaces may result in a diffuse encephalopathy, but the intrinsic mechanism and the biochemical(More)