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This work focuses on chloroform (CF) cometabolism by a butane-grown aerobic pure culture (Rhodococcus aetherovorans BCP1) in continuous-flow biofilm reactors. The goals were to obtain preliminary information on the feasibility of CF biodegradation by BCP1 in biofilm reactors and to evaluate the applicability of the pulsed injection of growth substrate and(More)
Rhodococcus sp. strain BCP1, known for its capacity to grow on short-chain n-alkanes (C(2) to C(7)) and to cometabolize chlorinated solvents, was found to also utilize medium- and long-chain n-alkanes (C(12) to C(24)) as energy and carbon sources. To examine this feature in detail, a chromosomal region which includes the alkB gene cluster encoding a(More)
The ability of a Rhodococcus aetherovorans strain, BCP1, to grow on butane and to degrade chloroform in the 0-633 microM range (0-75.5 mg l(-1)) via aerobic cometabolism was investigated by means of resting-cell assays. BCP1 degraded chloroform with a complete mineralization of the organic Cl. The resulting butane and chloroform maximum specific degradation(More)
The focus of this microcosm study was to monitor the performances of 17 butane-utilizing microcosms during a long-term (100-250 days) aerobic cometabolic depletion of chloroform (CF). The depletion of the contaminant began after a lag-time variable between 0 and 23 days. All microcosms quickly reached a pseudo steady-state condition, in terms of biomass(More)
The elaboration of 10 years of monitoring of leachate quality and quantity, leachate treatment and degree of contamination of soil and surface waters at the Tre Monti site--an active, 4-million-m(3) landfill in Northern Italy--is presented in this study. A hydrological model of leachate production is applied, with a good match of the experimental data. The(More)
A novel aerobic/anaerobic/aerobic treatment was implemented in batch reactors containing aquifer materials from a site contaminated by tetrachloroethylene (PCE), trichloroethylene (TCE), vinyl chloride (VC), 1,1,2-trichloroethane (1,1,2-TCA) and chloroform (CF). Consortia grown aerobically on methane, propane, n-pentane and n-hexane completely biodegraded(More)
The possible approaches for in situ aerobic cometabolism of aquifers and vadose zones contaminated by chlorinated solvents are critically evaluated. Bioaugmentation of resting-cells previously grown in a fermenter and in-well addition of oxygen and growth substrate appear to be the most promising approaches for aquifer bioremediation. Other solutions(More)
A kinetic study of butane uptake and trichloroethylene (TCE) aerobic cometabolism was conducted by two suspended-cell (15 and 30°C) and two attached-cell (15 and 30°C) consortia obtained from the indigenous biomass of a TCE-contaminated aquifer. The shift from suspended to attached cells resulted in an increase of butane (15 and 30°C) and TCE (15°C)(More)
The focus of this study was to compare the behavior of different consortiums of aerobic propane-utilizing microorganisms, with respect to both the lag time for growth after exposure to propane, and their ability to transform three chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (CAHs): chloroform (CF), cis-dichloroethylene (c-DCE) and trichloroethylene (TCE).(More)
The aerobic cometabolic biodegradation of a mixture of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (CAHs) including vinyl chloride (VC), cis- and trans-1,2-dichloroethylene (cis-DCE, trans-DCE), trichloroethylene (TCE), 1,1,2-trichloroethane (1,1,2-TCA) and 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (1,1,2,2-TeCA) was investigated at both 25 and 17 degrees C by means of bioaugmented(More)