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More than 170 million people worldwide are chronically infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is responsible for over 1 million deaths resulting from cirrhosis and liver cancers. Extrahepatic manifestations are also relevant and include mixed cryoglobulinemia, lymphoproliferative disorders, and kidney disease. HCV infection is both a cause and a(More)
Delayed graft function is a form of acute renal failure resulting in post-transplantation oliguria, increased allograft immunogenicity and risk of acute rejection episodes, and decreased long-term survival. Factors related to the donor and prerenal, renal, or postrenal transplant factors related to the recipient can contribute to this condition. From(More)
UNLABELLED This article summarizes part of a consensus meeting about mycophenolate (MPA) therapeutic drug monitoring held in Rome under the auspices of The Transplantation Society in November 2008 (Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2010;5:341-358). This part of the meeting focused on the clinical pharmacokinetics of MPA and included discussion on how to measure MPA(More)
BACKGROUND Steroids have been shown to induce the hepatic glucuronyltransferase (GT) expression enhancing the activity of uridine diphosphate-GT, the enzyme responsible for mycophenolic acid (MPA) metabolism. The impact of steroids on MPA pharmacokinetics, however, has not been investigated to date. METHODS As a part of a steroid-sparing clinical trial,(More)
The current therapy for chronic proteinuric nephropathies is angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi), which slow, but may not halt, the progression of disease, and which may be not effective to the same degree in all patients. In accelerated passive Heymann nephritis (PHN), this study assessed the effect of combining ACEi with angiotensin II(More)
With the increasing use of mycophenolic acid (MPA) in solid organ transplantation, the need for more accurate drug dosing has become evident. Personalized immunosuppressive therapy requires better strategies for avoidance of drug-related toxicity while maintaining efficacy. Few studies have assessed the clinical usefulness of therapeutic drug monitoring(More)
BACKGROUND Mycophenolic acid (MPA), the active metabolite of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), is now routinely used as immunosuppressant in solid organ transplantation in a fixed daily dose regimen (2 g/d) in association with cyclosporine (CsA) and steroids. However, no correlation has been shown between fixed MMF dose and clinical outcome. METHODS Here we(More)
The role of energy intake in regulating growth hormone receptor (GHR) gene expression has been assessed in young growing pigs living at thermal neutrality (26 degrees C) for a 4-wk period. To determine the importance of altering metabolic demand while maintaining food intake constant, littermates were also studied in a cold environment (10 degrees C).(More)
A resolutive therapy for muscular dystrophies, a heterogeneous group of genetic diseases leading to muscular degeneration and in the severe forms to death, is still lacking. Since inflammation and defects in nitric oxide generation are recognized key pathogenic events in muscular dystrophy, we have analysed the effects of a derivative of ibuprofen, NCX 320,(More)
Development of muscle is critically dependent on several hormones which in turn are regulated by nutritional status. We therefore determined the impact of mild postnatal undernutrition on key markers of myofibre function: type I slow myosin heavy chain (MyHC) isoform, myosin ATPase, succinate dehydrogenase and alpha-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase. In situ(More)