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BACKGROUND Recent studies suggest that vitamin D deficiency represents an additional cofactor of renal anemia, with several mechanisms accounting for this relationship. In line with it, the administration of vitamin D or its analogues has been associated with an improvement of anemia. There are no data, however, about a direct effect of paricalcitol on(More)
OBJECTIVE Growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD) in adults is associated with increased cardiovascular (CV) risk. Although some authors have documented the presence of early CV risk factors in untreated GHD children, results are still inconsistent. Aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of GHD and GH therapy on early cardiometabolic risk factors in a(More)
We deeply commend Quittner et al 1 in a recent issue of CHEST (August 2014) on their eff ort in developing the fi rst disease-specifi c patient-reported outcome (PRO) measure validating the Quality of Life Questionnaire-Bronchiectasis (QOL-B). Th is is an area that we actively pursued in primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD), a genetic cause of chronic(More)
BACKGROUND & AIM The addition of prebiotics to infant formula modifies the composition of intestinal microflora. Aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that prebiotics reduce the incidence of intestinal and respiratory infections in healthy infants. METHODS A prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, open trial was performed. Healthy infants were(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Chest MRI is increasingly used to assess pulmonary diseases, but its utility compared with high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) has never been evaluated in children using specific performance outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy and reliability of MRI compared with HRCT in children with non-cystic(More)
The usefulness of IFN-gamma release assays to monitor the efficacy of anti-tuberculosis (TB) treatment is controversial. Sixty patients affected by culture-confirmed pulmonary TB (M = 36; mean age: 39.2 yr; Italians = 28) were serially tested in a low prevalence setting by means of QuantiFERON-TB GOLD In-Tube (QFT-IT) at baseline and after a successful(More)
BACKGROUND About 43% of men with low Gleason grade prostate cancer (PCa) at biopsy will be finally diagnosed with high-grade PCa at radical prostatectomy (RP). Gleason sum at RP is a good indicator of biochemical recurrence and poor clinical outcome. Therefore, there is a need to improve clinical evaluation of PCa aggressiveness in order to choice(More)
BACKGROUND The correlation between symptoms and observed impaired function in functional dyspepsia is still inconsistent. The aims of the study were to obtain a measure of satiety by a meal test; to verify whether this compares with severity of symptoms assessed using a reproducible questionnaire; and to correlate the parameters of satiety test and gastric(More)
OBJECTIVE The treatment of children with subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) is controversial for TSH values between 4.5 and 10 mU/l. The aim of this cross-sectional, controlled study was to evaluate growth and intellectual outcome in children with persistent SH who have never been treated with levothyroxine. DESIGN AND METHODS Clinical and auxological(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia detection with stress cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is typically based on induction of either myocardial perfusion defect or wall motion abnormality. Single-center studies have shown the high value of stress CMR for risk stratification. The aim of this study was to define the prognostic value of stress CMR for prediction of adverse(More)