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Injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament frequently occur under combined mechanisms of knee loading. This in vitro study was designed to measure levels of ligament force under dual combinations of individual loading states and to determine which combinations generated high force. Resultant force was recorded as the knee was extended passively from 90(More)
Seventeen fresh-frozen knee specimens from cadavera were instrumented with a load-cell attached to a mechanically isolated cylinder of subchondral bone containing the tibial insertion of the anterior cruciate ligament. The forces in the intact anterior cruciate ligament were recorded as the knee was passively extended from 90 degrees of flexion to 5 degrees(More)
Hypotonic solutions are known to potentiate muscle force production and increase actomyosin ATPase activity in solution. As such, both the rate and amount of ATP hydrolysis should increase during contraction. This was tested indirectly by measuring force and energy liberation in Rana pipiens semitendinosus muscles at 0 degrees C in hypotonic solution. Force(More)
Nineteen fresh-frozen knee specimens from cadavera were tested for anterior-posterior laxity with 200 newtons of force applied to the tibia. A cylindrical cap of subchondral bone containing the tibial insertion of the anterior cruciate ligament was isolated with a coring cutter and was potted in acrylic. A thin wire was connected to the undersurface of the(More)
We hypothesized that increasing the level of circulating serum estrogen would decrease the load at failure for the rabbit anterior cruciate ligament. We developed an animal model in which hormonal manipulations could be correlated with load at failure for the anterior cruciate ligament. Sixteen New Zealand White ovariectomized rabbits were matched and(More)
A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of synthetic surfactant therapy for premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and birth weights of 700 to 1350 gm demonstrated a reduction in severity of RDS, morbidity, and neonatal and 1-year mortality. Of the 419 infants who were entered in the study, 80% of the surviving(More)
Experiments were designed to gain information about the effects of extremely long sarcomere lengths (greater than 3.8 microns) on muscle activation. The amount of energy liberated in an isometric twitch by muscles stretched to sarcomere lengths where myofilament overlap is vanishingly small (greater than 3.6 microns) is thought to be an indirect measure of(More)
Increasing demand for endoscopic procedures, coupled with decreasing insurance reimbursement, has necessitated improvement in endoscopy unit operational performance measures, such as increasing throughput and reducing staff overtime without an increase in patient waiting time. In pursuit of improving these measurements, maintaining the nurse-to-patient(More)
In this era of health care value-based purchasing, health care systems are increasingly focused on maximizing the utilization of their most expensive resources. This trend is evident in gastrointestinal endoscopy which makes up the largest percentage of ambulatory surgical center claims in Medicare. In response to these pressures, the Duke University Health(More)
The primary objective of this study was to determine if the rate limiting step in the crossbridge cycle was the same during maximum rate of shortening and during maintenance of maximum tension in an isometric contraction. To this end the temperature dependence, Q10, of the crossbridge cycle was estimated during unloaded shortening and maximum isometric(More)