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OBJECTIVE To study the effect of age on several outcomes among 187 antiretroviral-naive infected patients who started highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) with <or=200 CD4(+)/microl. METHODS We carried out a retrospective study to determine the hazard ratio (HR) to reach an outcome in patients who experienced a change from the baseline in CD4(+)(More)
BACKGROUND The cytokine profile plays an important role in treatment outcome of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, and probably modulates the immune response against HCV. The aim of this study was to evaluate which cytokines affect the response to interferon-α (IFN-α) and ribavirin therapy and how these cytokines change 72 weeks after starting anti-HCV(More)
INTRODUCTION Human host immune response following infection with the new variant of A/H1N1 pandemic influenza virus (nvH1N1) is poorly understood. We utilize here systemic cytokine and antibody levels in evaluating differences in early immune response in both mild and severe patients infected with nvH1N1. METHODS We profiled 29 cytokines and chemokines(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies of children with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 infection have demonstrated sustained increases in CD4+ cell count, even when virological failure has occurred after receipt of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), but these studies were of limited duration. Moreover, the CD4+ cell count threshold at which(More)
Highly active antiretroviral therapy might lead to the development of dyslipidemia and lipodystrophy (LD) syndrome. We carried out a multicenter prospective study of 22 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1-infected children treated during 48 months with lopinavir/ritonavir-based highly active antiretroviral therapy to evaluate the trend of serum lipids and(More)
BACKGROUND Hyaluronic acid (HA) serum levels correlate with the histological stages of liver fibrosis in hepatitis C virus (HCV) monoinfected patients, and HA alone has shown very good diagnostic accuracy as a non-invasive assessment of fibrosis and cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate serum HA levels as a simple non-invasive diagnostic test to(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify serum levels of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) in HIV/HCV coinfected patients to examine their association with several clinical and epidemiological characteristics and the therapeutic responsiveness to interferon (IFN)-alpha and ribavirin therapy (IFN-alpha + RBV). DESIGN(More)
Background. Use of antiretroviral therapy has resulted in a decrease in morbidity and mortality rates in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected children.Methods. We performed a retrospective study involving 427 children to determine the effectiveness of different antiretroviral therapy protocols on clinical outcome. The follow-up period was(More)
BACKGROUND Inappropriate persistence of chemokines expression in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection can drive tissue damage, intrahepatic inflammation, and liver cell injury. The aim of study was to study the association of plasma fractalkine (CX3CL1) levels with fibrosis stage and necroinflammatory activity grade of liver biopsies in human immunodeficiency(More)