Daren Mcdonald

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Hard- and softwater acclimated adult rainbow trout were statically exposed to copper (12.5, 25, 50, 100, and 200 ppb) for two, 12 h periods at neutral and pH 5.0. Unidirectional Na+, and Cl−, and net Na+, Cl−, K+, and ammonia fluxes were monitored as a measure of branchial ionoregulatory disturbance. Copper concentrations as low as 12.5 ppb led to(More)
A single dose of radioactive copper ((64)Cu or new Cu) was infused into the stomach of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to model dietary copper (Cu) uptake under conditions of a normal nutritional dose and optimum environmental temperature (16 degrees C, 0.117 microg Cu g(-)(1 )body mass). The distribution of new Cu to the gut and internal organs(More)
A bolus injection of [14C]lactate was used to measure lactate turnover rates at rest and during recovery from exhaustive exercise in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) and starry flounder (Platichthys stellatus). At rest, lactate turnover rate in salmon was almost double that in flounder (1.33 versus 0.76 mumol min-1 kg-1), which reflected the higher blood(More)
Ours is the first study to demonstrate an influence of dietary sodium on waterborne copper uptake in fish. We examined possible interactions between dietary sodium and the response of freshwater rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to waterborne copper in light of recent evidence of interactions between sodium and copper metabolism in the gills. Trout were(More)
Juvenile rainbow trout were fed diets containing control (0.26 mmol/g) or elevated (1.3 mmol/g) dietary Na+ in combination with either background (19 nmol/L) or moderately elevated levels (55 or 118 nmol/L) of waterborne Cu for 21 d. Unidirectional waterborne Na+ uptake rates (measured with 22Na) were up to four orders of magnitude higher than those of Cu(More)
Unrestrained, quiescent starry flounder maintained approximately normal levels of O2 uptake in the face of severe experimental anaemia. At haematocrits above about 5%, the only major compensation was a reduction in venous O2 tension which lowered venous saturation and thereby kept a constant difference between arterial and venous O2 contents. Below a(More)
A total of 15 fetuses were scanned using 2-D array volumetric ultrasound (US). Acquired cardiac data were converted for rendering dynamic 3-D surface views and reformatting cross-sectional views. The image usefulness was compared between the data obtained from subcostal/subxiphoid and other imaging windows; the former are usually free of acoustic shadowing.(More)
An increase in the functional surface area (FSA) of the gills of freshwater fish facilitates increased oxygen consumption (Mo2) but also increases ion loss across the gills a phenomenon that has been termed the osmorespiratory compromise. This study on the rainbow trout confirms that Na loss (/out) accelerates with increasing MOl but also shows that the(More)
Adult rainbow trout were pre-exposed to a sublethal concentration of dietary Cd (500 mg/kg dry wt.) for 30 days to induce acclimation. A gastrointestinal dose of radiolabeled Cd (276 microg/kg wet wt.) was infused into the stomach of non-acclimated and Cd-acclimated trout through a stomach catheter. Repetitive blood samples over 24 h and terminal tissue(More)
The physiological responses of 1- to 2-year-old rainbow trout to low pH are dependent on the environmental calcium concentration. Trout, maintained for 5 days in moderately hard water ([Ca2+] = 1.6-2.7 m-equiv/l) at a mean pH of 4.3, developed a major blood acidosis but exhibited only a minor depression in plasma ion levels. In acidified soft water ([Ca2+](More)