Darel E. Heitkamp

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The diagnosis and treatment of small bowel obstruction continue to evolve. The imaging approach in the work-up of patients with known or suspected small bowel obstruction and the timing of surgical intervention in this disease have undergone considerable changes over the past two decades. This article examines the current concepts related to the use of(More)
Currently, CT-E is not recommended as the first-line examination in patients when mucosal detail is required. Double-contrast barium air enteroclysis has advantages in demonstrating small mucosal abnormalities. The authors find CT-E of value in the work-up of patients with symptoms of intermittent small bowel obstruction, particularly those with a history(More)
As the primary method of investigating the small bowel, enteroclysis remains a technique in evolution. Technical refinements have made the examination faster to perform, better tolerated by patients, and easier to interpret. More recently, its essential principle of volume challenge has been combined with the tremendous advantage of CT cross-sectional(More)
This article reviews the radiographic appearance of common community-acquired pneumonia. Included are the common bacterial pneumonias, tuberculosis, fungal pneumonia, pneumocystis pneumonia, and viral pneumonias. The various radiographic appearances and the clues for differentiating the pneumonias are discussed. Images enhance the discussion.
Chest radiographs are sometimes taken before surgeries and interventional procedures on hospital admissions and outpatients. This manuscript summarizes the American College of Radiology review of the literature and recommendations on routinely performed chest radiographies in these settings. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are(More)
Portable chest radiography is a fundamental and frequently utilized examination in the critically ill patient population. The chest radiograph often represents a timely investigation of new or rapidly evolving clinical findings and an evaluation of proper positioning of support tubes and catheters. Thoughtful consideration of the use of this simple yet(More)
Screening for pulmonary metastatic disease is an important step for staging a patient with a known or recently discovered malignancy. Here we present our recommendations for screening for metastatic disease based on recommendations from the literature and experiences of pulmonary radiologists. In short, chest computed tomographic (CT) screening is the most(More)
Imaging is paramount in the setting of blunt trauma and is now the standard of care at any trauma center. Although anteroposterior radiography has inherent limitations, the ability to acquire a radiograph in the trauma bay with little interruption in clinical survey, monitoring, and treatment, as well as radiography's accepted role in screening for(More)
Daily routine chest radiographs in the intensive care unit (ICU) have been a tradition for many years. Anecdotal reports of misplacement of life support items, acute lung processes, and extra pulmonary air collections in a small number of patients served as a justification for routine chest radiographs in the ICU. Having analyzed this practice, the ACR(More)