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OBJECTIVE To test the effectiveness and safety of long-term depot leuprolide acetate (GnRH-a) plus estrogen and progestin add-back therapy in the treatment of moderate and severe premenstrual syndrome (PMS). DESIGN A prospective trial with each patient serving as her own control. SETTING University teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS Ten women with(More)
Epidemiologic studies suggest that ovarian hormones contribute to the development of breast cancer at all stages. Early menopause and premenopausal obesity reduces the risk while postmenopausal obesity and menopausal estrogen replacement therapy increases the risk. Combined oral contraceptives and Depo-Provera do not reduce the risk. It appears that(More)
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE 1) To test feasibility of preoperative continuous infusion (c.i.) 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) and radiation (RT) in locally advanced breast cancer. 2) To study clinical and pathological response rates of 5-FU and radiation. 3) To attempt preliminary correlations between biological probes and pathological response. METHODS AND MATERIALS(More)
Combination oral contraceptive (COC) users have reduced risks of ovarian and endometrial cancer, but COCs have not reduced breast cancer risk. We have previously argued that a hormonal contraceptive with substantially lower doses of sex-steroids should reduce breast cancer risk by decreasing the breast epithelial cell proliferation below usual premenopausal(More)
BACKGROUND Fifteen percent of breast cancer patients present with large tumors involving skin or chest wall. Often, surgery with primary wound closure is impossible. We used neoadjuvant chemoradiation in locally advanced breast cancer patients, in hopes of increasing resectability. METHODS Eligible patients had locally advanced breast cancer deemed(More)
We previously reported reductions in mammographic densities in women participating in a trial of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHA)-based regimen for breast cancer prevention. In our previous report, we compared (by simultaneous evaluation) three basic elements of mammographic densities. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether(More)
The discovery of predictive factors for chemoresistance is critical for improving adjuvant therapy for cancer patients. The 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78), widely used as an indicator of the unfolded protein response (UPR), is induced in the tumor microenvironment. In vitro studies suggest that GRP78 confers chemoresistance to topoisomerase(More)
PURPOSE Cisplatin and gemcitabine have single-agent activity in metastatic breast cancer, and preclinical data support synergy of the combination. Two parallel, phase II trials were conducted to evaluate the response rate, response duration, and toxicities of the combination. Genetic polymorphisms were analyzed for correlation with outcomes. PATIENTS AND(More)
PURPOSE Preoperative chemotherapy is the conventional primary treatment in locally advanced breast cancer (LABC). We investigated the safety and efficacy of primary twice-weekly paclitaxel and concurrent radiation (RT) before modified radical mastectomy followed by adjuvant doxorubicin-based chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Stage IIB (T3N0) to III LABC(More)
UFT is an oral preparation combining the 5-fluorouracil (FU) prodrug tegafur (FT) and uracil (U) in a 1:4 ratio, which is commercially available in Japan for the treatment of breast and gastrointestinal cancers. We sought to determine the tolerance of daily oral UFT and to relate this tolerance to the pharmacokinetics of FT and/or the derived FU, while(More)