Darcy V. Spicer

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The discovery of predictive factors for chemoresistance is critical for improving adjuvant therapy for cancer patients. The 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78), widely used as an indicator of the unfolded protein response (UPR), is induced in the tumor microenvironment. In vitro studies suggest that GRP78 confers chemoresistance to topoisomerase(More)
We previously reported reductions in mammographic densities in women participating in a trial of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHA)-based regimen for breast cancer prevention. In our previous report, we compared (by simultaneous evaluation) three basic elements of mammographic densities. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether(More)
Single surgical biopsies of solid tumor were obtained at 20 to 240 min after drug administration in 21 patients given first-dose bolus i.v. 5-fluorouracil (5-FUra), 500 mg/sq m, and assayed for 5-fluorodeoxyuridylate (FdUMP), deoxyuridylate (dUMP), total thymidylate synthetase (TS), and non-FdUMP-bound, free enzyme. Nineteen patients had cancer of(More)
Oocyte donors have high serum estradiol (E2) levels similar to the serum levels seen in the first trimester of pregnancy. We report in this article our studies comparing cell proliferation, Ki67 (MIB1), and estrogen and progesterone receptor levels (ERα, PRA, and PRB) in the breast terminal duct lobular units of oocyte donors, women in early pregnancy, and(More)
There have been no controlled intervention studies to investigate the effects of green tea on circulating hormone levels, an established breast cancer risk factor. We conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled intervention study to investigate the effect of the main green tea catechin, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), taken in a green tea(More)
PURPOSE Women with a BRCA1 mutation (BRCA1(mut)) need risk reduction options beyond mastectomy and oophorectomy. We evaluated the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of hormonal chemoprevention with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHA) with low-dose add-back steroids in BRCA1(mut) carriers. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The 12-month open label clinical(More)
UFT is an oral preparation combining the 5-fluorouracil (FU) prodrug tegafur (FT) and uracil (U) in a 1:4 ratio, which is commercially available in Japan for the treatment of breast and gastrointestinal cancers. We sought to determine the tolerance of daily oral UFT and to relate this tolerance to the pharmacokinetics of FT and/or the derived FU, while(More)
The cyclic production of estrogen and progesterone by the premenopausal ovary accounts for the steep rise in breast cancer risk in premenopausal women. These hormones are breast cell mitogens. By reducing exposure to these ovarian hormones, agonists of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) given to suppress ovarian function may prove useful in cancer(More)