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The cross-cultural program of research presented here is about matters of temporal persistence--personal persistence and cultural persistence--and about solution strategies for solving the paradox of "sameness-in-change." The crux of this paradox resides in the fact that, on threat of otherwise ceasing to be recognizable as a self, all of us must satisfy at(More)
The accuracy and variability of response times (RTs) collected on stock Apple Macintosh computers using USB keyboards was assessed. A photodiode detected a change in the screen's luminosity and triggered a solenoid that pressed a key on the keyboard. The RTs collected in this way were reliable, but could be as much as 100 ms too long. The standard deviation(More)
This brief report details a preliminary investigation into how community-level variability in knowledge of Aboriginal languages relate to " band "-level measures of youth suicide. In Canada, and, more specifically, in the province of British Columbia (BC), Aboriginal youth suicide rates vary substantially from one community to another. The results reported(More)
How does culture impact individual’s cognitive complexity? This article reviews evidence suggesting that the relationship between culture and cognitive complexity depends upon the nature of the situation in which complexity is expressed. In addition, two new investigations are summarized. One study reveals that individuals from different cultures are(More)
Multiplicative reasoning is required in different contexts in mathematics: it is necessary to understand the concept of multipart units, involved in learning place value and measurement, and also to solve multiplication and division problems. Measures of hearing children's multiplicative reasoning at school entry are reliable and specific predictors of(More)
Recent research on children's conceptual and procedural knowledge has suggested that there are individual differences in the ways that children combine these two types of knowledge across a number of mathematical topics. Cluster analyses have demonstrated that some children have more conceptual knowledge, some children have more procedural knowledge, and(More)
In time-place learning (TPL) paradigms animals are thought to form tripartite memory codes consisting of the spatiotemporal characteristics of biologically significant events. In Phase I, rats were trained on a modified TPL task in which either the spatial or temporal component was constant, while the other component varied randomly. If the memory codes are(More)
While previous research has investigated the ability of animals to learn the spatial and temporal contingencies of biologically significant events (known as time-place learning), this ability has not been studied in humans. Children ranging from 5 to 10 years old were tested on a modified interval time-place learning task using a touchscreen computer.(More)
The effect of 500 mM NaCl on the growth, and phosphatase production of a Citrobacter sp. was investigated. Although growth was retarded, phosphatase production was enhanced by 50%. Relief from osmotic stress using the osmoprotectant glycine betaine gave normal growth, but phosphatase activity was reduced. The Citrobacter sp. ceased to grow following a shift(More)