Dara L Murphy

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The National Diabetes Prevention and Control Program has a dynamic and evolving scientific foundation. This article describes this program and how seminal research studies provide an impetus for its public health policy and programs. The charge and challenges of integrating science into past, current, and future program designs are detailed, as are the(More)
Health planners in the Division of Diabetes Translation and others from the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention used system dynamics simulation modeling to gain a better understanding of diabetes population dynamics and to explore implications for public health strategy. A(More)
INTRODUCTION Healthy People 2010 (HP 2010) objectives call for a 38% reduction in the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes mellitus, type 1 and type 2, by the year 2010. The process for setting this objective, however, did not focus on the achievability or the compatibility of this objective with other national public health objectives. We used a dynamic(More)
INTRODUCTION In 1999, the National Diabetes Prevention and Control Program at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and its 59 Diabetes Prevention and Control Programs adopted five Healthy People 2010 objectives. These objectives aim to improve the rates of preventive care services among people with diabetes and include annual foot examinations,(More)
Diabetes affects some 16 million Americans at a cost estimated at $100 billion. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funds a diabetes control program (DCP) in every state as part of the National Diabetes Control Program (NDCP). In 1999, a new policy added emphasis on evaluation and made NDCP and its DCPs accountable for achieving impacts related(More)
As the burden of chronic diseases in the United States continues to increase, greater efforts are being made to identify and implement interventions that successfully reduce disease risk, improve access to high-quality health care, and create sustainable health-promotion programs that ultimately improve health status and quality of life (1). Identifying(More)
If current trends continue, health systems will soon be overwhelmed by type 2 diabetes mellitus. Successful population-based diabetes prevention and control efforts require a sound and continually improving infrastructure. In states and U.S. territories, the Diabetes Prevention and Control Programs supported by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and(More)
An optional diabetes module of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System was first made available to states in 1993. In 2002, 49 states administered this module. In October 2001 we asked state Diabetes Prevention and Control Program coordinators to complete a two-part questionnaire regarding the use of data from the diabetes module and their usefulness(More)
The Minimum Data Set (MDS) for UK specialist palliative care services was developed in 1995 to provide annual data on palliative care services. Data collected is used for local and national purposes including service management, monitoring and audit, the commissioning of services and the development of national policy. The emergence of Payment by Results(More)
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