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This study tests the reliability and validity of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) head and neck cancer module (QLQ-H&N35) and version 3.0 of the EORTC Core Questionnaire (QLQ-C30) in 622 head and neck cancer patients from 12 countries. The patients completed the QLQ-C30, the QLQ-H&N35 and a debriefing questionnaire(More)
PURPOSE Identification of prognostic factors in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma based on prospectively collected international data. PATIENTS AND METHODS From October 1984 to October 1993, 204 eligible adult patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma were entered into five consecutive prospective European Organization for Research and(More)
The aim of the project was to identify clinical and quality of life (QL) factors that together predict survival and response to chemotherapy in advanced breast cancer. Potential prognostic factors were studied in 187 women with baseline QL data from a trial of paclitaxel versus doxorubicin as first-line chemotherapy. Demographic and clinical factors studied(More)
Missing data has been a problem in many quality of life studies. This paper focuses upon the issues involved in handling forms which contain one or more missing items, and reviews the alternative procedures. One of the most widely practised approaches is imputation using the mean of all observed items in the same subscale. This, together with the related(More)
Analysing quality of life (QOL) data may be complicated for several reasons, such as: repeated measures are obtained; data may be collected on ordered categorical responses; the instrument may have multidimensional scales, and complete data may not be available for all patients. In addition, it may be necessary to integrate QOL with length of life. The(More)
PURPOSE Approximately 60% of patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) develop brain metastases. Whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) gives symptomatic improvement in more than 50% of these patients. Because brain metastases are a sign of systemic progression, and chemotherapy was found to be effective as well, it becomes questionable whether WBRT is the only(More)
In 1985, the EORTC Radiotherapy Co-operative Group launched a randomised phase III study comparing high-dose (59.4 Gy in 6.5 weeks) versus low-dose (45 Gy in 5 weeks) radiotherapy with conventional techniques in patients diagnosed with low-grade cerebral glioma. The primary endpoint of the study was survival. No difference in survival was observed between(More)
This paper discusses methods of identifying the types of missingness in quality of life (QOL) data in cancer clinical trials. The first approach involves collecting information on why the QOL questionnaires were not completed. Based on the reasons provided one may be able to distinguish the mechanisms causing missing data. The second approach is to model(More)
Population learning can be described as the iterative Darwinian process of fitness-based selection and genetic transfer of information leading to populations of higher fitness and is often simulated using genetic algorithms. Cultural learning describes the process of information transfer between individuals in a population through non-genetic means.(More)
PURPOSE This was a multicentric, open, randomized, phase II study of single-agent paclitaxel and oxaliplatin to evaluate the efficacy of oxaliplatin in a relapsing progressive ovarian cancer patient population and to analyze the safety profile and impact of both agents on quality of life, time to progression, and survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eighty-six(More)