Dar Dowlatshahi

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BACKGROUND Among patients with a proximal vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation, 60 to 80% of patients die within 90 days after stroke onset or do not regain functional independence despite alteplase treatment. We evaluated rapid endovascular treatment in addition to standard care in patients with acute ischemic stroke with a small infarct core, a(More)
BACKGROUND The cAMP signaling pathway, and its downstream neurotrophic factor BDNF, are major targets of antidepressant medications. Abnormalities in this pathway have previously been reported in postmortem brain of subjects with mood disorders. This study was designed to test whether the diagnosis of a mood disorder, or treatment with an antidepressant or(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Anticoagulant-associated intracranial hemorrhage (aaICH) presents with larger hematoma volumes, higher risk of hematoma expansion, and worse outcome than spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage. Prothrombin complex concentrates (PCCs) are indicated for urgent reversal of anticoagulation after aaICH. Given the lack of randomized controlled(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of postcontrast CT (PCCT) leakage (PCL) on hematoma growth in CTA spot negative patients. METHODS A retrospective study of 61 patients presenting within 6 hours of primary ICH onset imaged with CT angiography (CTA) and PCCT. Presence of CTA spot sign and PCL were documented. PCL was(More)
PURPOSE To systematically evaluate the diagnostic benefits and inter- and intraobserver reliability of an incremental computed tomographic (CT) protocol in the confirmation of clinically suspected stroke, with combined imaging and clinical data as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board approval was obtained, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE CT angiography spot sign predicts hematoma expansion in patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The spot sign may represent a site of active extravasation, a locus of arrested hemorrhage forming fibrin globes, or represent associated epiphenomena such as hypertensive microaneurysms. We sought to describe the evolution of(More)
BACKGROUND Hematoma expansion (HE) is a surrogate marker in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) trials. However, the amount of HE necessary to produce poor outcomes in an individual is unclear; there is no agreement on a clinically meaningful definition of HE. We compared commonly used definitions of HE in their ability to predict poor outcome as defined by(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Haematoma expansion following intracerebral haemorrhage is a major determinant of early neurological worsening and poor clinical outcome. This has created interest in improving patient selection for therapies targeting haematoma expansion. Based on prior observations, we hypothesised that intracerebral haemorrhage volumes under 10 ml(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a marker for early risk of stroke. No previous studies have assessed the use of urgent stroke prevention clinics for emergency department (ED) patients with TIA. We hypothesized that an ABCD2-based ED triaging tool for TIA with outpatient management would be associated with lower 90-day stroke rate(More)