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In the past decade, the best frequency synthesizers of millimeter-wave communication systems were made from III-V (GaAs or InP) compound based HBTs because of high f T and f max , low 1/f noise, low substrate loss, and high-Q on-chip transmission lines and passive components [1, 2]. More recently, SiGe HBTs were also used for VCOs due to their low 1/f noise(More)
— Digital control of the effective dielectric constant of a differential mode transmission line is shown up to 60GHz in standard CMOS technology. The effective dielectric constant is shown to increase from 5 to over 50 for the fixed artificial dielectric case. The digital controlled artificial dielectric transmission line (DiCAD) uses MOS switches to(More)
A compact 60GHz CMOS differential direct conversion receiver front-end based on eight-metal-layer interleaved on-chip transformers is realized for low voltage (1.2V) and high gain (24dB) operation with input 1dB compression point of-11dBm, Noise Figure of 10.5dB and power consumption of 4.3mW/arm. Compared with prior arts in CMOS, this receiver achieves the(More)
—A new injection-locked frequency divider (ILFD) circuit topology, by combining the strengths of LC type ILFD (LC_ILFD) and ring oscillator type ILFD (RO_ILFD), is proposed to achieve high speed, low power, wide locking range and accurate quadrature output phases. The frequency-division criterion is analyzed and agrees well with simulation results. The(More)
Deregulation of microRNAs (miRs) contributes to tumorigenesis. Down-regulation of miR-340 is observed in multiple types of cancers. However, the biological function of miR-340 in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) remains largely unknown. In the present study, we demonstrated that expression of miR-340 was downregulated in both glioma cell lines and tissues.(More)
Rapid urban land expansion and the resulting arable land loss have put food security in China at risk. This paper investigates the characteristics and mechanism of arable land conversion in Beijing using a logistic model based on land-use data for 2001 and 2010. The results suggest that (1) arable land conversion tends to occur near built-up areas, city(More)
This paper presents new circuit topologies and design techniques for low-phase-noise CMOS mmWave Quadrature VCO (QVCO) and VCOs. A transformer coupling with extra phase shift is proposed in QVCO to decouple the tradeoff between phase noise (PN) and phase error and improve the PN performance. This technique is demonstrated in a mmWave QVCO with a measured PN(More)