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This document, from the International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision (ISCEV), presents an updated and revised ISCEV Standard for full-field clinical electroretinography (ffERG or simply ERG). The parameters for Standard flash stimuli have been revised to accommodate a variety of light sources including gas discharge lamps and light(More)
Pattern visual evoked potentials (P-VEPs) were recorded in 161 human infants who were between 3 weeks and 2 yr of age. The latency of the first reproducible positive peak in the P-VEP was measured monocularly and binocularly for five sizes of phase alterations checkerboard stimuli (range: 120' to 7.5' check widths). Rapid visual maturation in the first 6(More)
G-protein-coupled receptors of the rhodopsin family transduce many important neural and endocrine signals. These receptors activate heterotrimeric G proteins and in many cases also cause activation of phospholipase D, an enzyme that can be controlled by the small G proteins ARF and RhoA. Here we show that the activation of phospholipase D that is induced by(More)
Previous studies have specified the foveal pattern that is seen most efficiently, with the assumption that the waveform of the best pattern matches the impulse response of the most sensitive visual filter. We measured the threshold contrast for circular, collinear, and orthogonal Gabor stimuli of 6 Hz temporal frequency presented 7 deg above the fixation(More)
Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) can provide important diagnostic information regarding the functional integrity of the visual system. This document updates the ISCEV standard for clinical VEP testing and supersedes the 2009 standard. The main changes in this revision are the acknowledgment that pattern stimuli can be produced using a variety of technologies(More)
The pattern electroretinogram (PERG) is a retinal response evoked by a contrast-reversing pattern, usually a black and white checkerboard, which provides information about macular and retinal ganglion cell function. This document from the International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision (www.iscev.org) is a scheduled revision of the ISCEV PERG(More)
Pattern electroretinograms are small physiologic signals that require good patient cooperation and long recording times, particularly when conditions are not optimal. Six electrodes were compared to evaluate their efficacy. Pattern electroretinograms were recorded in eight healthy volunteers to high-contrast, pattern-reversal checks (40' width) with(More)
Different features of visual function mature along unique timescales through infancy and early childhood. It is not clear which functions continue to mature in school age children. Functions believed to be mediated by the Magnocellular (M) and Parvocellular (P) pathways were compared in five- (n=25), eight- (n=21) and eleven-year-old children (n=21) and(More)
Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded from 4-year-old 8-10-year-old children and adults to a schematic face, inverted face and jumbled face. The subjects were instructed to fixate the stimuli and no other response was required. The schematic face and inverted face were shown with a frequency of 20% each and the remaining presentations (60%) were of(More)
PURPOSE To test the hypothesis that the supplementation of the diets of pregnant women with a fish oil rich in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) enhances retinal development in their healthy term infants, as measured during the early postnatal period by the electroretinogram (ERG). METHODS One hundred pregnant women were randomized to receive either a fish oil(More)