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OBJECTIVE To precisely delineate clinical risk factors for conversion from idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) to Parkinson disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, and multiple system atrophy, in order to enable practical planning and stratification of neuroprotective trials against neurodegenerative synucleinopathy. METHODS In a 10-year prospective(More)
Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is a parasomnia characterized by excessive muscle activity and undesirable motor events during REM sleep. RBD occurs in approximately 0.5% of the general population, with a higher prevalence in older men. RBD is a frequent feature of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), but is only rarely reported in(More)
Color discrimination deficit is a common nonmotor manifestation of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the pathophysiology of this dysfunction remains poorly understood. Although retinal structure changes found in PD have been suggested to cause color discrimination deficits, the impact of cognitive impairment and cortical alterations remains to be(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) is a well-documented risk factor for synucleinopathies such as Parkinson disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Moreover, approximately 50% of iRBD patients have mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The purpose of our study was to investigate waking electroencephalogram(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Long-term studies in REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) have shown a high rate of conversion into synucleinopathies. We aimed to prospectively follow up a large cohort of RBD patients to identify cognitive markers for early detection of prodromal dementia. METHODS Seventy-six idiopathic RBD patients underwent polysomnography and a complete(More)
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