Daphné Durant

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Understanding the variations of the functional response of an organism, i.e. the predation rate in relation to prey density, is necessary to understand the interactions between the animal and its food supply. This has received little attention in dabbling ducks so we investigated experimentally the shape of the functional response of mallard feeding on(More)
We examined how pecking rate changed with sward height in wintering European wigeon Anas penelope in a nature reserve of the French Atlantic coast. Pecking rates were recorded as the time taken to perform 10 or 50 pecks. We found a negative correlation between pecking rate and sward height over a range of heights from 1.0 to 3.5 cm, but no sex effect.(More)
To explain the preference of wintering greylag geese Anser anser for small Scirpus maritimus tubers (<10mm) over larger ones, our hypothesis was that the former would provide higher intake rates. This 'consumption rate hypothesis' was tested experimentally by deriving the functional responses of geese feeding on tubers of three contrasting sizes. Goose(More)
Recent findings suggest that herbivores select feeding sites of intermediate biomass in order to maximise their digestible nutrient intake as the result of the trade-off between forage quality and quantity (‘forage maturation hypothesis’). We propose a reformulation of this hypothesis which recognises this trade-off, but also underlines that constraints due(More)
The coastal marshes of the Charente-Maritime (western France) are a major wintering area for wigeon Anas penelope. In these marshes, wigeon feed mainly on grasses, while foraging on Salicornia (a fleshy, succulent halophyte) is uncommon. In order to understand the reason for this under-exploitation, an experimental study was carried out with captive wigeon(More)
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