Learn More
The hierarchical packaging of eukaryotic chromatin plays a central role in transcriptional regulation and other DNA-related biological processes. Here, we report the 11-angstrom-resolution cryogenic electron microscopy (cryo-EM) structures of 30-nanometer chromatin fibers reconstituted in the presence of linker histone H1 and with different nucleosome(More)
We describe the use of a unique DNA-modification-dependent restriction endonuclease AbaSI coupled with sequencing (Aba-seq) to map high-resolution hydroxymethylome of mouse E14 embryonic stem cells. The specificity of AbaSI enables sensitive detection of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) at low-occupancy regions. Bioinformatic analysis suggests 5hmCs in genic(More)
Quinohemoprotein amine dehydrogenase (QHNDH) of Paracoccus denitrificans contains a peptidyl quinone cofactor, cysteine tryptophylquinone, as well as intrapeptidyl thioether cross-links between Cys and Asp/Glu residues within the smallestgamma-subunit of the alphabetagamma heterotrimeric protein. A putative [Fe-S]-cluster-binding protein (ORF2 protein)(More)
The complement system has been discovered in invertebrates and vertebrates, and plays a crucial role in the innate defense against common pathogens. As a central component in the complement system, complement component 3 (C3) is an intermediary between innate and adaptive immune system. In this study, a new isoform of C3 in the sea cucumber Apostichopus(More)
The echinoderm immunity system has been extensively investigated in adults in several classes such as echinoid and holothuroidea. However, the defense mechanism in embryos and larvae remains largely unexplored. To profile the immune-related genes expression in embryos and larvae and to monitor the stimulation of the innate immune response by(More)
Methylamine dehydrogenase (MADH) is a tryptophan tryptophylquinone-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the oxidative deamination of primary amines. Native MADH exhibits a strong preference for methylamine over longer carbon chain amines. Residue alphaPhe(55) controls this substrate specificity. When alphaPhe(55) is replaced with Ala, this preference is reversed(More)
Mapping genome-wide 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) and 5-formylcytosine (5fC) at single-base resolution is important to understand their biological functions. We present a cost-efficient mapping method that combines 5hmC-specific restriction enzyme PvuRts1I with a 5hmC chemical labeling enrichment method. The sensitive method enables detection of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) appears to be a disease with increasing incidence in Western countries and may develop into acquired blindness. Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is the most frequent cause for AMD, and is commonly induced by regional inflammation. Past studies have highlighted vascular endothelial growth factor A(More)
Methylamine dehydrogenase (MADH) possesses an alpha(2)beta(2) structure with each smaller beta subunit possessing a tryptophan tryptophylquinone (TTQ) prosthetic group. Phe55 of the alpha subunit is located where the substrate channel from the enzyme surface opens into the active site. Site-directed mutagenesis of alphaPhe55 has revealed roles for this(More)