Daohong Zhou

Learn More
Exposure of murine bone marrow (BM) cells to ionizing radiation (IR; 4 Gy) resulted in >95% inhibition of the frequency of various day types of cobblestone area-forming cells in association with the induction of apoptosis in hematopoietic stem cell alike cells (Lin(-) ScaI(+) c-kit(+) cells; IR: 64.8 +/- 0.4% versus control: 20.4 +/- 0.5%; P < 0.001) and(More)
Degeneration of the spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs) of the auditory nerve occurs with age and in response to acoustic injury. Histopathological observations suggest that the neural degeneration often begins with an excitotoxic process affecting the afferent dendrites under the inner hair cells (IHCs), however, little is known about the sequence of cellular(More)
Exposure to ionizing radiation (IR) and certain chemotherapeutic agents not only causes acute bone marrow (BM) suppression but also leads to long-term residual hematopoietic injury. This latter effect has been attributed to damage to hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) self-renewal. Using a mouse model, we investigated whether IR induces senescence in HSCs, as(More)
SIGNIFICANCE Exposure to ionizing radiation (IR) as the result of nuclear accidents or terrorist attacks is a significant threat and a major medical concern. Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) injury is the primary cause of death after accidental or intentional exposure to a moderate or high dose of IR. Protecting HSCs from IR should be a primary goal in the(More)
Ionizing radiation (IR) and/or chemotherapy causes not only acute tissue damage but also late effects including long-term (or residual) bone marrow (BM) injury. The induction of residual BM injury is primarily attributable to the induction of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) senescence. However, the molecular mechanisms by which IR and/or chemotherapy induces(More)
Senescent cells (SCs) accumulate with age and after genotoxic stress, such as total-body irradiation (TBI). Clearance of SCs in a progeroid mouse model using a transgenic approach delays several age-associated disorders, suggesting that SCs play a causative role in certain age-related pathologies. Thus, a 'senolytic' pharmacological agent that can(More)
Sphingosine kinase 1 (SK1) phosphorylates sphingosine to form sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), which has the ability to promote cell proliferation and survival and stimulate angiogenesis. The SK1/S1P pathway also plays a critical role in regulation of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), a well-established pathogenic factor in colon carcinogenesis. Therefore, we(More)
Total body irradiation (TBI) can induce lethal myelosuppression, due to the sensitivity of proliferating hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) to ionizing radiation (IR). No effective therapy exists to mitigate the hematologic toxicities of TBI. Here, using selective and structurally distinct small molecule inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinase 4(More)
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are responsible for sustaining hematopoietic homeostasis and regeneration after injury for the entire lifespan of an organism through self-renewal, proliferation, differentiation, and mobilization. Their functions can be affected by reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are produced endogenously through cellular metabolism or(More)
OBJECTIVE Ionizing radiation (IR) and busulfan (BU) are commonly used as preconditioning regimens for bone marrow transplantation (BMT). We examined whether induction of apoptosis in murine bone marrow (BM) hematopoietic cells contributes to IR- and BU-induced suppression of their hematopoietic function. METHODS The hematopoietic functions of(More)