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The receptor tyrosine kinase ErbB2 (HER-2/neu) is overexpressed in up to 30% of breast cancers and is associated with poor prognosis and an increased likelihood of metastasis especially in node-positive tumors. In this proteomic study, to identify the proteins that are associated with the aggressive phenotype of HER-2/neu-positive breast cancer, tumor cells(More)
Tissue microarrays allow high throughput molecular profiling of diagnostic or predictive markers in cancer specimens and rapid validation of novel potential candidates identified from genomic and proteomic analyses in a large number of tumor samples. To validate the use of tissue microarray technology for all the main biomarkers routinely used to decide(More)
The amplification and/or overexpression of the HER-2/neu oncogene and its encoded receptor protein are increasingly used for prognostication and prediction of therapeutic response to Herceptin in breast cancer. However, large-scale examination of archival tumor blocks by immunohistochemistry (IHC) or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is(More)
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key step for cancer cell migration, invasion, and metastasis. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) regulates the EMT and the metastasis suppressor gene, N-myc downstream-regulated gene-1 (NDRG1), could play a role in regulating the TGF-β pathway. NDRG1 expression is markedly increased after chelator-mediated(More)
Cells of strain LX3(T), isolated from soil, were Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, non-motile, capsulated and non-endospore-forming straight rods, able to grow at 10 degrees C, unable to produce gas from lactose at 45 degrees C and unable to produce indole. The isolate converted sucrose to isomaltulose and did not produce detectable glucose(More)
Isomaltulose synthase from Klebsiella sp. LX3 (PalI, EC 5.4.99.11) catalyzes the isomerization of sucrose to produce isomaltulose (alpha-D-glucosylpyranosyl-1,6-D-fructofuranose) and trehalulose (alpha-D-glucosylpyranosyl-1,1-d-fructofuranose). The PalI structure, solved at 2.2-A resolution with an R-factor of 19.4% and Rfree of 24.2%, consists of three(More)
The gene (palI) encoding isomaltulose synthase (PalI) from a soil bacterial isolate, Klebsiella sp. strain LX3, was cloned and characterized. PalI converts sucrose into isomaltulose, trehalulose, and trace amounts of glucose and fructose. Sequence domain analysis showed that PalI contains an alpha-amylase domain and (beta/alpha)(8)-barrel structures,(More)
Isomaltulose synthase (PalI) catalyzes hydrolysis of sucrose and formation of alpha-1,6 and alpha-1,1 bonds to produce isomaltulose (alpha-D-glucosylpyranosyl-1,6-D-fructofranose) and small amount of trehalulose (alpha-D-glucosylpyranosyl-1,1-D-fructofranose). A potential isomaltulose synthase-specific motif ((325)RLDRD(329)), that contains a 'DxD' motif(More)
Friedreich ataxia (FA) is a neurodegenerative and cardiodegenerative disease resulting from marked frataxin deficiency. The condition is characterized by ataxia with fatal cardiomyopathy, but the pathogenic mechanisms are unclear. We investigated the association between gene expression and progressive histopathological and functional changes using the(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignant tumour. Development of HCC is a multi-step process from well-differentiated (G1), moderately differentiated (G2) to poorly differentiated (G3) phenotype. The early molecular modulators causing the onset of hepatocarcinogenesis are not fully understood. In the present study, we conducted comparative(More)