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Pipe thickness maps are used to assess the condition in pipelines. Thickness maps are a 2.5D representation similar to elevation maps in robotics. Probabilistic frameworks, however, have barely been used in this context. This paper presents a general approach for generating probabilistic maps from heterogeneous sensor data. The key idea is to learn the(More)
In this paper, an approach for sound source localisation and calibration of an asynchronous microphone array is proposed to be solved simultaneously. A graph-based Simultaneous Localisation and Mapping (SLAM) method is used for this purpose. Traditional sound source localisation using a microphone array has two main requirements. Firstly, geometrical(More)
An non-linear Bayesian regression engine for robotic tracking based on an ultrasonic/RF sensor unit is presented in this paper. The proposed system is able to maintain systematic tracking of a leading human in indoor/outdoor settings with minimalistic instrumentation. Compared to popular camera based localization system the sonar array/RF based system has(More)
This paper presents a strategy for sound source localisation using an asynchronous microphone array. The proposed method is suitable for target tracking applications, in which the sound source with a known frequency is attached to the target. Conventional microphone array technologies require a multi-channel A/D converter for inter-microphone(More)
— Acquiring the accurate 3-D position of a target person around a robot provides fundamental and valuable information that is applicable to a wide range of robotic tasks, including home service, navigation and entertainment. This paper presents a real-time robotic 3-D human tracking system which combines a monocular camera with an ultrasonic sensor by the(More)
This paper reports our study in digital image geometrical distortion correction. The Artificial Neural Network (ANN) was employed to correct the distorted digital image which is simulated in computer. The ANN was trained to map the distorted points to the distortion-free points. As the results, our proposed technique can correct the detected distort-points(More)
This paper investigates sound source mapping in a real environment using a mobile robot. Our approach is based on audio ray tracing which integrates occupancy grids and sound source localization using a laser range finder and a microphone array. Previous audio ray tracing approaches rely on all observed rays and grids. As such observation errors caused by(More)
In this paper, we propose a framework to map stationary sound sources while simultaneously localise a moving robot. Conventional methods for localisation and sound source mapping rely on a microphone array and either, 1) a proprioceptive sensor only (such as wheel odometry) or 2) an additional exteroceptive sensor (such as cameras or lasers) to get(More)
— The main contribution of this paper is an invariant extended Kalman filter (EKF) for visual inertial navigation systems (VINS). It is demonstrated that the conventional EKF based VINS is not invariant under the stochastic unobservable transformation, associated with translations and a rotation about the gravitational direction. This can lead to(More)
Differences in locality in a structured environment cause variations in the reflection of an emitted acoustic wave. This paper exploits the above principle to propose a novel method of robot localization on a 2D map. The work brings novelty by using a simple acoustic emitter and a receiver for robot localization as opposed to exteroceptive sensors such as(More)