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Obesity is one major cardiovascular risk factor. We tested effects of endurance exercise on cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-delta (PPAR-delta)-dependent pathways in adipose tissue. Male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to standard laboratory chow or a high-fat diet without and with regular endurance(More)
BACKGROUND We recently showed that increased expression of the transient receptor potential canonical Type 3 (TRPC3) channel is associated with genetic hypertension. It is unknown whether store-operated TRPC3 channels, which are activated after depletion of intracellular stores, or second messenger-operated TRPC3 channels, which are activated by(More)
Macrophage infiltration, inflammatory processes and oxidatively modified low density lipoprotein (LDL) are known contributing factors in the formation of the atherosclerotic plaque. To determine whether a direct link might exist between these factors, we examined the effect of oxidized LDL upon proinflammatory cytokine production in adherent human(More)
OBJECTIVE Activation of nonselective cation channels of the transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) family has been associated with hypertension. Whether store-operated channels, which are activated after depletion of intracellular stores, or second-messenger-operated channels, which are activated by 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol, are affected in(More)
We have cloned the cDNA for Mo3, an activation Ag expressed by human monocytes and myelomonocytic cell lines after stimulation by PMA, LPS, muramyl dipeptide, certain cytokines, and cAMP agonists. We have previously shown that Mo3 expression in vivo is associated predominantly with macrophages in inflammatory sites. Mo3 is a highly glycosylated protein of(More)
Exposure of mononuclear phagocytes to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), or muramyl dipeptide (MDP) is known to stimulate a variety of cellular activities that include increases in phagocytosis, oxidative metabolism, synthesis and secretion of monokines, and cytotoxicity of microbes and tumor cells. We now report that(More)
We investigated whether expression of non-selective cation channels of the transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channel family are associated with proinflammatory cytokines in monocytes. Using quantitative RT-PCR we studied the expression of TRPC3, interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in monocytes from 15(More)
Leumedins are small molecules that inhibit neutrophil movement into inflamed tissues. These compounds have been shown to inhibit the adherence of neutrophils in static adhesion assays mediated by beta2-integrins. We now report that leumedins, like activating agents, induce the loss of L-selectin from the neutrophil surface. The loss of L-selectin is(More)
Acidic glycolipids from guinea pig macrophages enhance the response of macrophages to migration inhibitory factor (MIF), suggesting a role of glycolipid receptors for this lymphocyte mediator. Neuraminidase treatment of these glycolipids results in the loss of their biologic activity. This activity remains intact after incubation of the glycolipids with(More)