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Studies of the effects of nicotine (NIC) on meal patterns in rats often employ chow pellet diets that contain little fat, whereas humans using NIC commonly consume diets relatively rich in fat. The aim of the present study was therefore to compare the impact of NIC administration and NIC cessation on meal pattern in adult male rats offered a standard(More)
The present studies examined the effects of antagonizing alpha(1)-adrenoceptors via systemic administration of prazosin on the behavioral actions of cocaine in rats, including induction of locomotion and suppression of eating. In Experiment 1, locomotor activity was monitored in automated chambers for 80 min in adult male rats pretreated with the(More)
We hypothesized that vascular nitric oxide synthase (NOS) function and expression is differentially regulated in adult Dahl salt-sensitive rats maintained on Teklad or American Institutes of Nutrition (AIN)-76A standard chow diets from 3 to 16 wk old. At 16 wk old, acetylcholine (ACh)-mediated vasorelaxation and phenylephrine (PE)-mediated vasoconstriction(More)
The hypophagic action of the sympathomimetic amine ephedrine (EPH) in the rat may reflect actions on central dopaminergic (DA) and noradrenergic (NE) systems. EPH indirectly facilitates DA and NE activity and acts as a partial agonist at alpha(1)-adrenergic receptors. Two approaches were used to assess the possible contribution of NE and DA pathways to(More)
The microstructure of feeding in rats can be probed using a variety of protocols that employ videotape-based ratings, pellet feeders, and/or laboratory balances. A recent commercial product (BioDAQ, Research Diets, New Brunswick, NJ) uses a metal food hopper placed on a load cell to monitor daily food pellet consumption. In this system, movements of the(More)
Female rats, relative to males, exhibit greater behavioral activation to cocaine and other psychostimulants, but the effect of sex and the estrous cycle in modulating the hypophagic action of cocaine has not been evaluated. Meal patterns were recorded in automated food hoppers during the first 3 h of the dark phase in adult female and male rats after(More)
Psychostimulants including amphetamine and cocaine induce locomotion and stereotypy and suppress eating. Studies of the biobehavioral actions of psychostimulants commonly focus on locomotion and less commonly on feeding, and only rarely are these measures considered in conjunction within the same animal. Inasmuch as hyperactivity induced by a(More)
Population density and associated behavioral adjustments are potentially important in regulating physiological performance in many animals. In r-selected species like the fruit fly (Drosophila), where population density rapidly shifts in unpredictable and unstable environments, density-dependent physiological adjustments may aid survival of individuals(More)
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