Dao Chao Huang

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Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) is a secreted factor expressed in almost all normal fetal and adult tissues. It is involved in a wide range of developmental and physiological processes, including serum calcium regulation. PTHrP is also associated with the progression of skeletal metastases, and its dysregulated expression in advanced cancers(More)
Interferon γ (IFN-γ) is a cytokine produced locally in the bone microenvironment by cells of immune origin as well as mesenchymal stem cells. However, its role in normal bone remodeling is still poorly understood. In this study we first examined the consequences of IFN-γ ablation in vivo in C57BL/6 mice expressing the IFN-γ receptor knockout phenotype(More)
Interferon gamma (IFNγ) has been reported to induce osteoblastogenesis from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) both in vitro and in vivo. With ageing, adipocytes outnumber osteoblasts within the bone microenvironment leading to a decrease in bone formation. Since both osteoblasts and adipocytes are of mesenchymal origin, we hypothesized that IFNγ treatment might(More)
Pamidronate is used routinely in the treatment of established bone metastasis. However, pamidronate has not yet been assessed in the prevention of osteolytic bone metastasis and its precise mechanism of action in this disorder remains to be established. In the present study, pamidronate or vehicle alone was administered subcutaneously to nude mice either(More)
Interferon (IFN)gamma is a strong inhibitor of osteoclast differentiation and activity. However, its role in osteoblastogenesis has not been carefully examined. Using microarray expression analysis, we found that several IFNgamma-inducible genes were upregulated during early phases of osteoblast differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). We(More)
It has been previously shown that keratinocytes express a high level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) (25-OHD(3)) 1alpha-hydroxylase (1alpha-hydroxylase). 1alpha-Hydroxylase catalyzes the conversion of 25-OHD(3) to 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25(OH)(2)D(3)]. 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) is both antiproliferative (i.e., suppresses cell growth) and prodifferentiative(More)
The retinoid X receptor alpha (RXRalpha) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily that regulates transcription of target genes through heterodimerization with several partners, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor, retinoic acid receptor, thyroid receptor, and vitamin D receptor (VDR). We have shown previously that signaling through(More)
Development of oncologic conditions is often accompanied by inadequate vitamin D status. The chemoprevention ability of this molecule is of high interest for breast cancer, the most common malignancy in women worldwide. Because current effective vitamin D analogues, including the naturally occurring active metabolite 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol(More)
Incorporation of zinc-binding groups into the side-chain of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25D) fully bifunctional hybrid molecules which act both as vitamin D receptor agonists and histone deacetylase inhibitors. These bifunctional hybrids display in vitro antiproliferative activity against the AT84 squamous carcinoma cell line while lacking the in(More)
Interferon gamma (IFNγ) is a strong inhibitor of osteoclast differentiation and activity. However, its role in osteoblastogenesis has not been carefully examined. Using microarray expression analysis, we found that several IFNγ inducible genes were upregulated during early phases of osteoblast differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC). We(More)