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Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) based magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a powerful non-invasive tool in biomedical imaging, clinical diagnosis and therapy. In this review, the physicochemical properties of SPION and their in vivo performance were thoroughly discussed, also covering how surface engineering will prolong the circulation(More)
Understanding the mechanism of protective antibody recognition against highly pathogenic avian influenza A virus H5N1 in humans is critical for the development of effective therapies and vaccines. Here we report the crystal structure of three H5-specific human monoclonal antibodies bound to the globular head of hemagglutinin (HA) with distinct epitope(More)
Mangiferin, a xanthone glucoside, and its associated traditional herbs have been demonstrated to improve abnormalities of lipid metabolism. However, its underlying mechanisms remain largely unclear. This study investigated the anti-steatotic effect of mangiferin in fructose-fed spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR)s that have a mutation in sterol regulatory(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of the 20(S)-ginsenoside Rh2 [Rh2(S)]on cell proliferation, histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) and HDAC2 activity, and expression of cyclin in human erythroleukemia K562 cells. METHODS The K562 cells were treated with Rh2(S) at various concentrations (10-80 μmol/L). Cell proliferation activity was detected by CCK-8 assay.(More)
A series of dimeric compounds based on the AVPI motif of Smac were designed and prepared as antagonists of the inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs). Optimization of cellular potency, physical properties, and pharmacokinetic parameters led to the identification of compound 14 (AZD5582), which binds potently to the BIR3 domains of cIAP1, cIAP2, and XIAP(More)
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a devastating form of stroke with high morbidity and mortality. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), the key enzyme in heme degradation, is highly expressed after ICH, but its role is still unclear. In this study, we used an HO-1 inducer and inhibitor to test the role of HO-1 in different stages of ICH in vivo and in vitro. In the(More)
This research utilizes a laboratory experiment to evaluate the effectiveness of alternative public policies targeted at increasing the rate of deceased donor organ donation. The experiment includes treatments across different default choices and organ allocation rules inspired by the donor registration systems applied in different countries. Our results(More)
To obtain depth profiles of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) information in living systems, a SERS-active needle was structured by acupuncture needles, gold nanoshells (GNSs), and polystyrene, which were used as carriers, SERS-active elements to be absorbed on the carriers, and coatings to protect the absorbed GNSs from being erased during(More)
The recently identified Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) causes severe and fatal acute respiratory illness in humans. However, no prophylactic and therapeutic agents specifically against MERS-CoV are currently available. Entry of MERS-CoV into target cells depends on binding of the receptor binding domain (RBD) of the viral envelope(More)
Intracellular injection of a biotinylated probe in fixed superior cervical ganglia followed by confocal microscopy was used to investigate the effects of age on the dendritic arborisation of sympathetic neurons in rats aged 6 wk (young adult), 7 months (fully grown adult) and 24 months (aged). In accordance with other studies considerable dendritic growth(More)