Dany L Gauthier

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BACKGROUND The proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) promotes independently of its enzymatic activity the degradation of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor. PCSK9 gain of function in humans leads to autosomal dominant hypercholesterolemia, whereas the absence of functional PCSK9 results in ≈7-fold lower levels of LDL cholesterol.(More)
The study objective was to measure breastfeeding rates and patterns in the Montérégie region of Québec. A survey of 632 mothers of 6-month-old infants was performed, of which 80% initiated breastfeeding, and 68% exclusively breastfed at birth. Breastfeeding rates progressively decreased with time: 63%, 56%, 51%, 44%, 39%, and 32% of mothers breastfed at 1,(More)
The use of Java for safety-critical development appeals because Java’s type system is much more rigorous than C and C++. As an object-oriented language, Java’s standard libraries and certain language constructs make extensive use of temporary objects. One of the challenges with using real-time Java for safety-critical development is the difficulty of(More)
BACKGROUND Non-(1-84) parathyroid hormone (PTH) fragments are large circulating carboxyl-terminal (C) fragments with a partially preserved amino-terminal (N) structure. hPTH (7-84), a synthetic surrogate, has been demonstrated to exert biologic effects in vivo and in vitro which are opposite to those of hPTH (1-34) on the PTH/PTHrP type I receptor through a(More)
Proprotein convertases (PCs) are serine proteases containing a subtilisin-like catalytic domain that are involved in the conversion of hormone precursors into their active form. This study aims at designing small cyclic peptides that would specifically inhibit two members of this family of enzymes, namely, the neuroendocrine PC1/3 and the ubiquitously(More)
The proprotein convertase PC1/3 preferentially cleaves its substrates in the dense core secretory granules of endocrine and neuroendocrine cells. Similar to most proteinases synthesized first as zymogens, PC1/3 is synthesized as a larger precursor that undergoes proteolytic processing of its signal peptide and propeptide. The N-terminally located propeptide(More)
L-Methionine-DL-sulfoximine, a glutamate analog known to inhibit glutamine synthetase (GS) and glutamate synthase (GOGAT), allowed nitrogenase biosynthesis by Fratikia strain D11 in presence of NH4$. GS activity, detected in cell-free extracts of D1 1 , was higher in N2-fixing than in nonfixing conditions. These facts suggested that nitrogenase biosynthesis(More)
The proprotein convertases (PCs) furin, PC5/6, and PACE4 exhibit unique and/or complementary functions. Their knock-out (KO) in mice resulted in strong and specific phenotypes demonstrating that, in vivo, these PCs are unique and essential during development. However, they also exhibit redundant functions. Liver angiopoietin-like 3 (ANGPTL3) inhibits(More)
Protein convertase 1/3 is a serine endoproteinase present in the regulated secretory pathway of endocrine and neuroendocrine cells. It is responsible for the processing of numerous prohormones and proneuropeptides into their biologically active moieties, often following cleavage at pairs of basic residues. The determination of its three-dimensional(More)
We have developed a method for the isolation of a brain subcellular fraction enriched in both highly aggregated polyribosomes and cytoskeletal proteins. This method is based on gentle dispersion of brain tissue and low speed centrifugation. This fraction is enriched in typical cytoskeletal proteins as glial fibrillary protein, neurofilament proteins and(More)