Dany Chevalier

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BACKGROUND As a general rule, surgery whenever possible, followed by irradiation is considered to be the standard treatment for cancer of the hypopharynx, thus sacrificing natural speech. In most patients, surgery includes removal of the larynx. PURPOSE A prospective, randomized phase III study was conducted by the European Organization for Research and(More)
BACKGROUND Free jejunal transfer has become the standard technique for reconstruction of the pharynx and hypopharynx, especially with proximal neoplastic lesions, whereas gastric tube interposition is the technique of choice for reconstruction of the hypopharynx and cervical esophagus when resection extends below the thoracic inlet. HYPOTHESIS Surgical(More)
Human thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) is an enzyme responsible for the detoxification of widely used thiopurine drugs such as azathioprine (Aza). Its activity is inversely related to the risk of developing severe hematopoietic toxicity in certain patients treated with standard doses of thiopurines. DNA samples from four leucopenic patients treated(More)
The human cytochrome CYP2A13, which is mainly expressed in the respiratory tract, has been shown to be highly efficient in vitro in the metabolism of tobacco-smoke carcinogens and procarcinogens such as 4-methylnitroso-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK). In order to investigate the extent of CYP2A13 genetic polymorphism in a French Caucasian population of 102(More)
1. Characterization of allelic variants of the TPMT gene (TPMT) responsible for changes in TPMT activity, and elucidation of the mechanism by which these alleles act, are required because of the clinical importance of this polymorphism for patients receiving thiopurine drugs. 2. We defined the mutational and allelic spectrum of TPMT in a group of 191(More)
AIMS To identify the molecular basis for a low CYP1A2 metabolic status, as determined by a caffeine phenotyping test, in a 71-year-old, nonsmoking, Caucasian woman who presented with very high clozapine concentrations despite being administered a standard dose of the drug. METHODS The nucleotide sequence of the 7 exons, exon-intron boundaries and(More)
The medical charts and operative files of 112 patients (combined inception cohort) with well to moderately differentiated invasive glottic squamous cell carcinoma presenting fixation (22) or impaired motion (90) of the true vocal cord (TVC) consecutively treated with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy (CHEP) at our institutions from 1972 to 1989 were retrospectively(More)
BACKGROUND Both induction chemotherapy followed by irradiation and concurrent chemotherapy and radiotherapy have been reported as valuable alternatives to total laryngectomy in patients with advanced larynx or hypopharynx cancer. We report results of the randomized phase 3 trial 24954 from the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer. (More)
AIMS To examine the level of expression of the pleiotropic regulators galectins-1 and -7 in relation to neoplastic progression of hypopharyngeal (HSCCs) and laryngeal (LSCCs) squamous cell carcinomas. METHODS AND RESULTS The presence of galectins-1 and -7 was investigated using quantitative immunohistochemistry in (i) a series of 78 HSCCs by comparison(More)