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Disorders associated with fragile X syndrome involve a trinucleotide (CGG) repeat expansion in the FMR1 gene. Recently, a progressive movement disorder (fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome [FXTAS]) has been identified in premutation carriers, persons with 55 to 200 CGG repeats. In addition to ataxia, action tremor, and Parkinsonism, early case(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess changes in regional brain volumes associated with the fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) and the molecular correlates of these changes. METHODS We administered molecular, MRI, and neurocognitive tests to 36 male premutation carriers (ages 51 to 79), 25 affected and 11 unaffected with FXTAS, and to 21 control subjects(More)
The behavioural phenotype of autism was assessed in individuals with full mutation and premutation fragile X syndrome (FXS) using the Autism Diagnostic Observation Scale-Generic (ADOS-G) and the Autism Diagnostic Interview (ADI-R). The participants, aged 5-80 years, comprised 33 males and 31 females with full mutation, 7 males and 43 females with(More)
The effect of the fragile X pre-mutation and full mutation categories, and FMRP deficits in these categories, on neurocognitive status, have been assessed in fragile X individuals from 144 extended families, which included fragile X individuals, as well as their non-fragile X relatives. Neuropsychological status was assessed by the Wechsler summary and(More)
The fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) is a recently identified phenotype associated with trinucleotide repeat expansions in the premutation range of the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene. In addition to progressive gait ataxia, action tremor, peripheral neuropathy, and parkinsonism, FXTAS involves impaired cognition. Our(More)
We present results of a multivariate analysis of several characteristics of the ridge pattern on the tip of fingers III and IV of the right hand, with special consideration of the minute properties of ridges. The analysis is based on a sample of 38 females and 63 males of European origin. Results of factor analysis for the male sample reveal that pattern(More)
BACKGROUND In order to better understand the underlying biological mechanism/s involved in autism, it is important to investigate the cognitive and behavioural phenotypes associated with idiopathic autism (autism without a known cause) and comorbid autism (autism associated with known genetic/biological disorders such as fragile X syndrome). Parental(More)
Tactile sensitivity has been measured in 101 normal individuals (38 females and 63 males) of European origin, and compared with ridge pattern characteristics of the fourth fingertip of the right hand. There is a relationship of tactile sensitivity performance with the type of pattern, particularly in females, and also with the number of junctions within the(More)
Until recently, individuals with premutation alleles (55-200 CGG repeats) of the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene were believed to be psychologically unaffected. However, the recent documentation of abnormal elevation of FMR1 mRNA, discovery of fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS), and reports of psychiatric disorders in children(More)
Data on the relationships between cognitive and physical phenotypes, and a deficit of fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene-specific protein product, FMRP, are presented and discussed in context with earlier findings. The previously unpublished results obtained, using standard procedures of regression and correlations, showed highly significant(More)