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The subject of this review is plant signalling peptides, peptides of a new generation which regulate growth, differentiation, and other plant physiological functions. These peptides include systemin, the phytosulfokines (PSKs), ENOD40, CLAVATA3, Locus-S, POLARIS, IDA, and ROT4. On the basis of literature data and our own results we discuss their structure,(More)
Some of the properties of the tetrapeptide tuftsin, Thr-Lys-Pro-Arg, are discussed. We describe three phases of tuftsin activation of the macrophage. Tuftsinyltuftsin, the octapeptide Thr-Lys-Pro-Arg-Thr-LysPro-Arg, was synthesized with a view of minimizing the formation of Lys-Pro-Arg, from tuftsin by tissue aminopeptidases. The tripeptide is a tuftsin(More)
A comprehensive overview of the recent state of the art of insect peptide hormones with chemical structures is presented. An increased interest in insect neuropeptides and dynamic development of that research area has been influenced by a rapid improvement of instrumentation necessary for isolation and structural characterization. Several research teams(More)
The trypsin modulating oostatic factor from the gray fleshfly Neobellieria bullata (Neb-TMOF) is released from the ovary at the end of vitellogenesis and inhibits trypsin biosynthesis in the midgut. This inhibition indirectly results in an arrest of oocyte growth. Additional experiments with N. bullata were performed to characterize its trypsin modulating(More)
Withdrawal behavior in morphine-dependent rats precipitated by naloxone was attenuated after pretreatment with the tetrapeptide tuftsin and to some extent by its synthetic derivative [Lys4]-tuftsinyltuftsin. The tetrapeptide fragment (1-4) of Substance P was ineffective in suppressing morphine-withdrawal behavior, whereas its C-amide exerted only weak(More)
Neb-TMOF, the trypsin modulating oostatic factor of gray fleshflyNeobellieria bullata, is a hexapeptide with the following sequence: H-Asn-Pro-Thr-Asn-Leu-His-OH. It has been isolated from vitellogenic ovaries in 1994. TMOF, the newly discovered insect peptide, inhibits trypsin biosynthesis in the gut, lowers yolk polypeptide concentration in the hemolymph(More)
The stoichiometry, stability constants and solution structure of the complexes formed in the reaction of copper(II) with hexapeptide NPTNLH, i.e. the Neobelliera Bullata Trypsin Modulating Oostatic Factor (Neb-TMOF), and its analogues DPTNLH, Ac-NPTNLH and Ac-DPTNLH have been determined by potentiometric, UV-visible, CD and EPR spectroscopic methods. Upon(More)
We report 104 analogues of the potent antiovulatory antagonist of LHRH, N-Ac-D-Nal-D-Cpa-D-Pal-Ser-Lys(Nic)-D-Lys(Nic)-Leu-Ilys-Pro-D-Ala- NH2, Antide. We replaced the Nic group in Antide with other acyl substituents to modulate size, hydrophilicity or basicity of the molecule, we also replaced the Lys residues with shorter basic amino acids, and made(More)