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The implementation of co-existence in the commercialisation of GM crops requires GM and non-GM products to be segregated in production and supply. However, maintaining segregation in oilseed rape will be made difficult by the highly persistent nature of this species. An understanding of its population dynamics is needed to predict persistence and develop(More)
Testing of seed and grain lots is essential in the enforcement of GM labelling legislation and needs reliable procedures for which associated errors have been identified and minimised. In this paper we consider the testing of oilseed rape seed lots obtained from the harvest of a non-GM crop known to be contaminated by volunteer plants from a GM herbicide(More)
ABSTRACT Specific and sensitive quantitative diagnostics, based on real-time (TaqMan) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and PCR enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, were developed to detect dry-rot-causing Fusarium spp. (F. avenaceum, F. coeruleum, F. culmorum, and F. sulphureum). Each assay detected Fusarium spp. on potato seed stocks with equal efficiency.(More)
An important aspect in the safety assessment of transgenic plants is the exact location of transgene insertion sites within the host genome. However, robust standard operating procedures are not currently available. Using potato as a test species, different methodologies for the determination of insertion sites using a range of published protocols and(More)
AIMS To evaluate the virulence gene nec1 as a reliable marker for the detection of pathogenic Streptomyces species on potato tubers and in soil samples using conventional and real-time quantitative PCR assays. METHODS AND RESULTS Two pairs of conventional primers (outer and nested) and one set of primers/probe for use in real-time PCR were designed to(More)
Monitoring genetically modified (GM) bacterial inoculants after field release using conventional culture methods can be difficult. An alternative is the detection of marker genes in DNA extracted directly from soil, using specific oligonucleotide primers with the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The PCR was used to monitor survival of two GM Rhizobium(More)
The genetic disorder known as 'crumbly' fruit is becoming a serious problem in the European raspberry industry. The study set out to examine the crumbly phenotype in a red raspberry mapping population under two environments (field and polytunnel) across six seasons in an effort to understand variability of the syndrome and to examine whether genetic factors(More)
QTL mapping identifies a range of underlying and unrelated genes with apparent roles in raspberry fruit ripening and softening that show characteristic developing fruit expression profiles. Fruit softening is an important agronomical trait that involves a complex interaction of plant cell processes. We have used both qualitative and quantitative scoring of(More)
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