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Valvular heart disease, inducing valvular regurgitation, has been described in users of drugs such as anorectic agents and ergot derivates. 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA; "ecstasy") also leads in vitro to the proliferation of cardiac valvular interstitial cells by activation of the 5-hydroxytryptamine 2B receptor. The aim of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Restrictive valvular heart disease has been reported in patients with Parkinson's disease treated with pergolide. However, few data are available on frequency, severity, dose dependency, and reversibility of pergolide-induced disease, nor on the pulmonary pressures of these patients. We aimed to clarify these characteristics in a large group of(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the biodistribution of purified CD133(+) cells after intracoronary injection in patients with stable chronic postinfarction heart failure. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with longstanding myocardial infarction (>12 months prior to inclusion) and with an accessible left coronary artery were eligible. CD133(+) cells were mobilized with(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to test, for the first time, the feasibility of intracoronary delivery of an innovative, injectable bioabsorbable scaffold (IK-5001), to prevent or reverse adverse left ventricular remodeling and dysfunction in patients after ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS Patients (n=27) with moderate-to-large(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension contributes to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. We assessed the safety and efficacy of a central iliac arteriovenous anastomosis to alter the mechanical arterial properties and reduce blood pressure in patients with uncontrolled hypertension. METHODS We enrolled patients in this open-label, multicentre, prospective,(More)
The authors report the clinical, echocardiographic, and pathologic findings in two patients treated with more than 5 mg of pergolide daily who developed symptomatic severe heart failure due to restrictive valvular disease. They also describe the echocardiographic data of another eight patients taking similar doses of pergolide presenting no clinical signs(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have suggested that diabetes mellitus (DM) may cause left ventricular (LV) dysfunction directly resulting in increased susceptibility to heart failure. Using pinhole collimators and advances in data processing, gated SPECT was recently adapted to image the rat heart. The present study was aimed to assess this new imaging technique(More)
AIM Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is still considered as the reference method for the non-invasive detection of right-to-left shunts. Echocardiographic laboratories are spending most of their time performing TEE studies to exclude a thromboembolic cardiac disease. In a considerable proportion of these patients the question can be simplified to(More)
AIMS Valvular heart disease (VHD), inducing valvular regurgitation, has been described in carcinoid heart disease and recently in Parkinson's patients treated with pergolide. The aim of this study was to develop an in vivo model of drug-induced valvulopathy with pergolide in rats. METHODS AND RESULTS Thirty male Wistar rats were given daily injections of(More)
1. Losartan (DuP 753, MK-954) is a novel, potent and highly selective AT1 angiotensin II receptor antagonist. The effect of multiple oral doses of losartan on digoxin pharmacokinetics was evaluated in healthy male subjects. 2. In a double-blind and randomized fashion, subjects received 50 mg losartan or placebo once daily for 15 days in each period. At(More)