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Using the CNS of Lymnaea stagnalis a method is described for the rapid analysis of neurotransmitters and their metabolites using high performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrochemical detection. Tissue samples were homogenised in ice-cold 0.1 M perchloric acid and centrifuged. Using a C(18) microbore column the mobile phase was maintained at a(More)
A method was developed for the in vivo measurement of oxygen concentration and diffusivity in the intervertebral disc using a bare gold cathode. The effects of surface adsorption were quantified using electrochemical methods and it was demonstrated that valid data can be obtained despite interactions between the electrode and the macromolecules of the(More)
This study utilised the pond snail, Lymnaea to examine the contribution that alterations in serotonergic signalling make to age-related changes in feeding. Age-related decreases in 5-HIAA levels in feeding ganglia were positively correlated with a decrease in the number of sucrose-evoked bites and negatively correlated with an increase in inter-bite(More)
Microelectrode amperometry is uniquely suited for characterising the dynamics of neurotransmitter release, as it offers unparalleled spatial and temporal resolution. We have used carbon fibre microelectrodes to study release of the monoamine neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) and the gaseous transmitter nitric oxide (NO) in intact central nervous system of(More)
The scanning electrochemical microscope (SECM) is a scanned probe microscope that uses the response of a mobile ultramicroelectrode (UME) tip to determine the reactivity, topography, and mass transport characteristics of interfaces with high spatial resolution. SECM strategies for measuring the rates of solute diffusion and convection through samples of(More)
We have fabricated a six individual addressable gold working electrode microarray. The device is wirebonded to an eight-pin DIL package that can be easily interconnected to an external multi-channel potentiostat. A polyion complex film coating on the electrode surface provides a suitable coating for the growth of cells. The responses of oxygen and nitric(More)
Scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) has been used in the induced transfer (SECMIT) mode to image the permeability of a probe cation, methyl viologen (MV(2+)), in samples of articular cartilage. An ultramicroelectrode (UME), scanned just above the surface of a sample, is used to amperometrically detect the probe solute. The resulting depletion of(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim was to investigate whether impaired coronary flow reserve associated with cardiac hypertrophy could significantly limit the flow debt repayment following short periods of coronary occlusion and exacerbate or prolong episodes of myocardial ischaemia. METHODS Left ventricular hypertrophy was induced in guinea pigs by aortic constriction(More)
OBJECTIVE Myocardial perfusion can be determined by many techniques which can be broadly divided into those employing particulate tracers and those employing diffusible tracers. The most commonly used particulate tracer is radioactive microspheres. However, as with other particulate tracers, they only determine convective transport from pre-capillary(More)
The charge structure of the surface of articular cartilage determines its interactions with the macromolecules and cells of synovial fluid. It may thereby be important to the physiological function and pathological degeneration of the tissue. To determine whether the electrokinetic properties of the surface differ from those of the bulk tissue, we measured(More)