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Although programmer errors have been investigated, only a limited range of error types typically made by novices have been scrutinized. In this paper we present an expanded classification of the types of errors considered in previous research. In particular, problems which require the use of more difficult program constructs such as nested loops, arrays,(More)
This paper is an attempt to classify that which is important in chess. Other authors have chosen to make classifications relating to, for example, the material on the board, or whether there exists an attack on the king. We find that this is sufficient for an introductory treatment of the subject of advantages. However, the chess specialist understands that(More)
With development of Curriculum 2001 now begun, it is important not to overlook the experiences of the past. Curriculum '91 allowed a number of approaches to the CS1 course, and they met with varying degrees of success in different environments. The authors of this paper applied a number of pedagogical ideas to this first course in computer science. Their(More)
To date there has been considerable investigation into the study of novice programmer errors. The research has analyzed both syntactic and semantic errors. However, the next level of programmers, who make more sophisticated errors, the internmediate level programmers, have been somewhat neglected. In this paper, we focus on the nature of the errors which(More)
Computers are the pervasive technology of our time. As computers become critically tied to human life, it also becomes more important that interactions with them are under control. They are no longer a novelty, but are integrated into the fabric of our world, performing both high and low-level tasks. That is, computers may be used to eliminate heavy,(More)
D E E P T H O U G H T II coasted th rough five rounds of play at the 22d Annua l A C M Internat ional C o m p u t e r Chess Championsh ip , capturing first place with a perfect 5-0 score. The five round Swiss-style tournament was held in Albuquerque, New Mexico at the Doubletree Hotel. Twelve teams participated with all but two teams playing clearly at the(More)
The threat of AIDS is widely recognized as an important educational problem, particularly in the college age population. To date, intelligent software has not been developed and employed to effectively disseminate the critical knowledge relevant to this epidemic. Since sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) as a group are a personal problem which few people(More)
Chronic and terminally ill patients are disproportionately affected by medical errors. In addition, the elderly suffer more preventable adverse events than younger patients. Targeting system wide "errorreducing" reforms at vulnerable populations (who are disproportionately affected, both in terms of incidence and severity) can improve the quality of care(More)
Chronic and terminally ill patients are disproportionately affected by medical errors. In addition, the elderly suffer more preventable adverse events than younger patients. Targeting system wide "error-reducing" reforms to vulnerable populations can significantly reduce the incidence and prevalence of human error in medical practice. Recent developments in(More)