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Adult bluegills were exposed to a single application of azinphosmethyl in 12 littoral enclosures in a northern Minnesota pond. Responses measured were adult behavior and spawning, embryo hatchability, larval survival until swim-up, young-of-year (Y-O-Y) growth, and total biomass. Four enclosures each were treated at 1.0 and 4.0 micrograms/liter and four(More)
Adult bluegills were exposed to the synthetic pyrethroid esfenvalerate, during a reproduction study conducted in six littoral enclosures located in a 2-ha pond near Duluth, Minnesota. Bluegill reproductive success was determined after two applications of esfenvalerate at nominal concentrations of 0.0, 0.01, 0.08, 0.20, 1. 0, and 5.0 microg/L. Responses(More)
Fathead minnow larvae (Pimephales promelas) were exposed to three individual pesticides during brief or continuous exposure in 96-hr and 28- to 30-day toxicity tests. Continuous exposure 96-hr LC50 values for chlorpyrifos, endrin, and fenvalerate were 122.2, 0.7, and 0.85 micrograms/liter, respectively. Continuous exposure chronic effect concentrations were(More)
Fathead minnow larvae (Pimephales promelas) were exposed to triphenyltin hydroxide (TPTH) during brief (single pulse) or continuous exposure in 96-h and 30-day toxicity tests. The continuous exposure 96-h LC(50) value was 7.1 microg litre(-1). Brief exposures for 12 to 72-h gave 96-h LC(50) values that ranged from 61.8 to 6.0 microg litre(-1), respectively.(More)
As part of a comparative watershed project investigating land-cover/land-use disturbance gradients for streams in the western Lake Superior Basin, we examined general relationships between landscape character and fish assemblage structure and function. We also examined the shape of those relationships to identify discontinuity thresholds where small changes(More)
—Despite recent interest in assessing the condition of fish assemblages in Great Lakes coastal wetlands and a concern for increasing turbidity as a major stressor pathway influencing these ecosystems, there is little information on fish tolerance or intolerance to turbidity on which to base wetland assessment metrics. Existing studies have borrowed(More)
  • Tom Burton, Dan bullet, +73 authors Macroinvertebrates
  • 2006
ii FOREWORD The Great Lakes Environmental Indicators (GLEI) collaboration was formed in response to a joint U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) request for assistance (RFA) in FY 1999 to develop environmental indicators of the U.S. Great Lakes coastal region. Our response was the formation of a(More)
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