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This paper reports experimental results comparing the performance of four platforms employed in spectrum sensing and dynamic spectrum access research: a sensing engine developed at imec and built around a prototype RFIC; the Universal Software Radio Peripheral (USRP) with the Iris software defined radio (SDR) solution; the TelosB sensor network platform;(More)
We explore the question of when learning improves the performance of opportunistic dynamic channel selection by characterizing the primary user (PU) activity using the concept of Lempel-Ziv complexity. We evaluate the effectiveness of a reinforcement learning algorithm by testing it with real spectrum occupancy data collected in the GSM, ISM, and DECT(More)
A novel class of compounds with very high affinity and selectivity for sigma receptors has been discovered. BD614 [(+/-)-cis-N-[2-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)ethyl]-N-methyl-2-(1- pyrrolidinyl)cyclohexylamine] and its optically pure 1S,2R-(-)-[BD737] and 1R,2S-(+)-[BD738]enantiomers bound to sigma receptors of guinea pig brain with Ki = 2.0 +/- 0.4, 1.3 +/- 0.3 and(More)
(+)-3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA;'Ecstasy') is a ring substituted phenylisopropylamine that is structurally related to both amphetamines and hallucinogens. The unique behavioural activating properties of MDMA have led to its widespread abuse. MDMA induces many neurochemical, behavioural and endocrine alterations which closely resemble those(More)
In the lamb, the uncoupling protein-1 (UCP1) content of perirenal adipose tissue at birth is an important factor in heat production by non-shivering thermogenesis and the prevention of hypothermia. This study examines UCP1 gene expression and protein content in perirenal adipose tissue over the first 15 days of life by in situ hybridisation and(More)
Through massive deployment of additional small cell infrastructure, Dense Small cell Networks (DSNs) are expected to help meet the foreseen increase in traffic demand on cellular networks. Performance assessment of architectural and protocol solutions tailored to DSNs will require system and network level simulators that can appropriately model the complex(More)
Coexistence between radar systems and low-power broadband devices has recently become a focus of research by regulators, industry and academic bodies, with the possibility of sharing the 3.5 GHz band indicated by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in 2012. Radar bands are seen as attractive candidates for Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA) due to the(More)
In the ISM band multiple wireless technologies compete for a limited amount of spectrum, leading to interference and performance degradation. Reliable information on the spectrum occupation enables more optimal usage and can improve co-existence in the ISM band. In this paper, we study the robustness of the information obtained about the propagation(More)
—This paper presents switched Multi-Element Antennas (MEAs) as a simple, yet effective, method of enhancing the performance of small cell heterogeneous networks and compensating for the small cell base station sub-optimal placement. The switched MEA system is a low-cost system which enables the small cell to dynamically direct its transmission power toward(More)