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DNA hydroxymethylation and its mediated DNA demethylation are critical for multiple cellular processes, for example, nuclear reprogramming, embryonic development, and many diseases. Here, we demonstrate that a vital nutrient ascorbic acid (AA), or vitamin C (Vc), can directly enhance the catalytic activity of Tet dioxygenases for the oxidation of(More)
Pure silybin was found to be unstable whilst silybin in silymarin was stable in buffers from pH 1.0 to 7.8. The metabolism of silybin was more severe when in its pure form as compared to silybin in silymarin, as tested in a range of biological fluids including plasma, intestinal fluid and liver homogenates. It would appear that components in silymarin have(More)
DNA methylation has been proven to be a critical epigenetic mark important for various cellular processes. Here, we report that redox-active quinones, a ubiquitous class of chemicals found in natural products, cancer therapeutics and environment, stimulate the conversion of 5 mC to 5 hmC in vivo, and increase 5 hmC in 5751 genes in cells. 5 hmC increase is(More)
Oil spills and lookalikes (e.g. plant oil and oil emulsion) show the dark areas in SAR images, so it will bring some difficult in classifying the dark objects observed in full polarization SAR images into oil spills or lookalikes. In this paper, an approach is presented for distinguishing the dark areas in SAR images, which based on polarization features,(More)
Oil slicks and lookalikes (e.g., plant oil and oil emulsion) all appear as dark areas in polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images and are highly heterogeneous, so it is very difficult to use a single feature that can allow classification of dark objects in polarimetric SAR images as oil slicks or lookalikes. We established multi-feature fusion to(More)
This work was aimed at investigating the feasibility of fluid-bed coating as a new method to prepare cyclodextrin inclusion complex. The inclusion complex of the model drug piroxicam (PIX) and 2-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HPCD) in aqueous ethanol solution was sprayed and deposited onto the surface of the pellet substrate upon removal of the solvent.(More)
Crotonaldehyde (Cro) is one of widespread and genotoxic α,β-unsaturated aldehydes and can react with the exocyclic amino group of 2'-deoxyguanosine (dG) in genomic DNA to form 1,N(2)-propano-2'-deoxyguanosine (ProdG) adducts. In this study, two diastereomers of high purity were prepared, including non-isotope and stable isotope labeled ProdG adducts, and(More)
8-Hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is a widely-used biomarker of oxidative DNA damages. 8-OHdG in peripheral blood leukocyte is associated with mutation and cancer risk. The level of 8-OHdG in peripheral blood leukocytes can indicate a long-term response to oxidative stress rather than that in urine. Accurate identification and quantification of leukocyte(More)
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