Danka Vidgen

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Ocular retardation (or) is a murine eye mutation causing microphthalmia, a thin hypocellular retina and optic nerve aplasia. Here we show that mice carrying the OrJ allele have a premature stop codon in the homeobox of the Chx10 gene, a gene expressed at high levels in uncommitted retinal progenitor cells and mature bipolar cells. No CHX10 protein was(More)
Few potential regulatory proteins of vertebrate retinal development have been identified. We describe a 39 kDa murine polypeptide (Chx10) with a homeodomain 82% identical to that of the nematode protein ceh-10. In the developing mouse, the Chx10 transcript is expressed throughout the anterior optic vesicle and all neuroblasts of the optic cup. In the mature(More)
The paired-like homeodomain (HD) protein Chx10 is distinguished by the presence of the CVC domain, a conserved 56 amino acid sequence C-terminal to the HD. In mammals, Chx10 is essential both for the proliferation of retinal progenitor cells and for the formation or survival of retinal bipolar interneurons. We describe the cloning and characterization of a(More)
The homologous membrane proteins Rom-1 and peripherin-2 are localized to the disk rims of photoreceptor outer segments (OSs), where they associate as tetramers and larger oligomers. Disk rims are thought to be critical for disk morphogenesis, OS renewal and the maintenance of OS structure, but the molecules which regulate these processes are unknown.(More)
We cloned human and murine cDNAs of a gene (designated PHR1), expressed preferentially in retina and brain. In both species, PHR1 utilizes two promoters and alternative splicing to produce four PHR1 transcripts, encoding isoforms of 243, 224, 208, and 189 amino acids, each with a pleckstrin homology domain at their N terminus and a transmembrane domain at(More)
The cytotoxic activity of Adriamycin was examined in the MGH-U1 human bladder carcinoma line, grown as monolayer culture, as spheroids, and as xenografts in immune-deprived mice. The MGH-U1 cells grown as spheroids were much more resistant to Adriamycin (concentration of drug resulting in 37% cell survival, 4.5 micrograms/ml) than when treated as monolayer(More)
The cytotoxicity of cisplatin and cisdiammine-1,1-cyclobutane dicarboxylate (CBDCA) was examined using the MGH-U1 human bladder carcinoma cell line, grown as monolayer cultures, multicellular tumor spheroid(s) (MTS), and xenografts in immune-deprived CBA/CaJ mice. The cell survival of exponentially growing monolayers and MTS treated with cisplatin declined(More)
Expression of SPARC (Secreted Protein, Acidic, Rich in Cysteine), a counteradhesive, calcium-binding extracellular matrix (ECM) glycoprotein, is associated with several morphogenetic events during early development. In this study, changes in the spatiotemporal distribution of SPARC transcripts and the protein during chicken retinal development were(More)
The clonogenic survival of MGH-U1 human bladder carcinoma cells treated with melphalan, cisplatin, mitomycin-C, adriamycin, vincristine and 5-fluorouracil was measured to determine the relative contribution of drug concentration and duration of exposure to cytotoxicity and to measure the relative cytotoxic effects of these agents used in intravesical(More)
Activation of resting T cells is accompanied by an increase in cytosolic calcium ([Ca2+]i). However, the role of [Ca2+]i in the effector function of allosensitized cells, and how this may affect the evolution of the allograft response is unknown. To evaluate this more directly, we determined [Ca2+]i in both unsensitized T cells (C57BL/6 murine thymocytes)(More)