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Israel was certified as polio-free country in June 2002, along with the rest of the World Health Organization European Region. Some 11 years later, wild-type polio virus ₁ (WPV₁) was isolated initially from routine sewage samples collected between 7 and 13 April 2013 in two cities in the Southern district. WPV₁-specific analysis of samples indicated WPV₁(More)
An emergency response was triggered by recovery of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) of the South Asia (SOAS) lineage from sewage in southern Israel in April 2013 during routine environmental surveillance. Public health risk assessment necessitated intensification of environmental surveillance in order to facilitate countrywide monitoring of WPV1-SOAS(More)
A countrywide search for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in Israel disclosed 29 cases with onset between 1963 and 1972. Incidence in various ethnic groups varied in the narrow range of 0.4 to 1.9 per million population except among Jewish immigrants from Libya, among whom the incidence was 31.3 per million. An extraordinary excess of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease(More)
Poliovirus vaccine coverage in Israel is over 90%. The last nine birth cohorts have been vaccinated exclusively with inactivated polio vaccine (IPV). However, between February and July 2013 type 1 wild poliovirus (WPV1) was detected persistently in 10 and intermittently in 8 of 47 environmental surveillance sites in southern and central Israel and in 30(More)
INTRODUCTION Human parechoviruses (HPeV) have been recognized as the causative agents of central nervous system (CNS) infection of infants and young children in different parts of the world. The role of HPeV in CNS infection of Israeli infants and children is unknown. OBJECTIVES To assess the detection rate of HPeV in enterovirus RT-PCR-negative(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection is preceded by selective adhesion of the bacteria to the host target cells via diverse adhesins, including lectins. This step enables maximal damage to the target host cells by the bacterially secreted injurious toxins and enzymes. The production of both lectins and many of the virulence factors is positively controlled by(More)
Embryos and embryocultures can be successfully transplanted into various bodily organs. However immunosuppression or homogenicity are required for the success of such experimental manipulation. Since the brain is considered immunologically privileged, we transplanted 2-4 cell embryos of C57BL x BALB/c, embryonic stem cells (ES) or embryoid bodies (EB)(More)
An improved sewage surveillance algorithm (sample acquisition, processing, and molecular analysis) for wild and vaccine-derived polioviruses was developed and validated. It was based on plaque isolation with sensitive and high-throughput methods. The molecular analysis included sequencing; a comparison of the type, rate, and distribution of nucleotide(More)
BACKGROUND Hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common childhood manifestation of enterovirus (EV) infection. It predominantly affects young children, and has been mainly associated with coxsackievirus (CV) A16 and EV 71. OBJECTIVES We report an unusual cluster of adult patients with HFMD. STUDY DESIGN Throat swabs and vesicular fluid samples(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE Cerebellopontine angle fibromas are rare pathological entities that can mimic the presentation of vestibular schwannomas (VSs). Diagnosis of these benign lesions, however, is important, because treatment options may be different. The clinical, radiological, and intraoperative features of these unusual lesions of the cerebellopontine(More)