Learn More
BACKGROUND Intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase is the only approved treatment for acute ischemic stroke, but its efficacy and safety when administered more than 3 hours after the onset of symptoms have not been established. We tested the efficacy and safety of alteplase administered between 3 and 4.5 hours after the onset of a stroke. METHODS After(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous thrombolysis using recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) in patients with acute ischemic stroke. DESIGN Randomized, prospective, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. SETTING A total of 75 hospitals in 14 European countries. PATIENTS A total of 620 patients(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke-Monitoring Study (SITS-MOST) was to assess the safety and efficacy of intravenous alteplase as thrombolytic therapy within the first 3 h of onset of acute ischaemic stroke. Under European Union regulations, SITS-MOST was required to assess the safety profile of alteplase in clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Intravenous alteplase is approved for use within 3 h of ischaemic stroke onset, although a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials suggests treatment benefit up to 4.5 h. We compared outcome in patients treated between 3 h and 4.5 h versus those treated within 3 h, who were recorded in the in the Safe Implementation of Treatments in Stroke(More)
BACKGROUND Early administration of intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) after ischaemic stroke improves outcome. Previous analysis of combined data from individual patients suggested potential benefit beyond 3 h from stroke onset. We re-examined the effect of time to treatment with intravenous rt-PA (alteplase) on therapeutic benefit(More)
BACKGROUND Recurrent stroke is a frequent, disabling event after ischemic stroke. This study compared the efficacy and safety of two antiplatelet regimens--aspirin plus extended-release dipyridamole (ASA-ERDP) versus clopidogrel. METHODS In this double-blind, 2-by-2 factorial trial, we randomly assigned patients to receive 25 mg of aspirin plus 200 mg of(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged lowering of blood pressure after a stroke reduces the risk of recurrent stroke. In addition, inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system in high-risk patients reduces the rate of subsequent cardiovascular events, including stroke. However, the effect of lowering of blood pressure with a renin-angiotensin system inhibitor soon after a(More)
This article represents the update of the European Stroke Initiative Recommendations for Stroke Management. These guidelines cover both ischaemic stroke and transient ischaemic attacks, which are now considered to be a single entity. The article covers referral and emergency management, Stroke Unit service, diagnostics, primary and secondary prevention,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the association between admission blood glucose and outcome in ischemic stroke patients treated with thrombolysis. DESIGN A prospective, open, multinational, observational study. SETTING An ongoing Internet-based, academic-driven, interactive thrombolysis register. PATIENTS Between 2002 and 2007, 16 049 patients were recorded in(More)
BACKGROUND Alteplase is effective for treatment of acute ischaemic stroke but debate continues about its use after longer times since stroke onset, in older patients, and among patients who have had the least or most severe strokes. We assessed the role of these factors in affecting good stroke outcome in patients given alteplase. METHODS We did a(More)