Danilo Milardi

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Aggregation of the amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) into fibrillar structures is a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. Thus, preventing self-assembly of the Aβ peptide is an attractive therapeutic strategy. Here, we used experimental techniques and atomistic simulations to investigate the influence of carnosine, a dipeptide naturally occurring in the brain, on Aβ(More)
Prion diseases are associated with an abnormal conformational transition involving the prion protein and are known to affect mammals. Here, the different mechanical behaviour of two mammalian, human (HuPrP) and Syrian hamster (ShaPrP), and two non-mammalian, chicken (ChPrP) and turtle (TuPrP), prions was assessed by steered molecular dynamics simulations(More)
Although the molecular determinants of Familial Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (FALS) are still largely unknown, previous studies have demonstrated that aggregation of Cu, Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) mutants may play a causative role in FALS. It has been proposed that this pathogenic process occurs via a multi-step pathway involving metal loss, dimer(More)
The human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) is the primary component in the toxic islet amyloid deposits in type-2 diabetes. hIAPP self-assembles to aggregates that permeabilize membranes and constitutes amyloid plaques. Uncovering the mechanisms of amyloid self-assembly is the key to understanding amyloid toxicity and treatment. Although structurally(More)
Due to their altered metabolism cancer cells are more sensitive to proteasome inhibition or changes of copper levels than normal cells. Thus, the development of copper complexes endowed with proteasome inhibition features has emerged as a promising anticancer strategy. However, limited information is available about the exact mechanism by which copper(More)
HPLW, a designed VEGF (Vascular Endothelium Growth Factor) receptor-binding peptide, assumes a well folded β-hairpin conformation in water and is able to induce angiogenesis in vivo. In this study, we investigated at atomic resolution the thermal folding/unfolding pathway of HPLW by means of an original multi-technique approach combining DSC, NMR, MD and(More)
Imidazoline ligands in I2-type binding sites in the brain alter monoamine turnover and release. One example of an I2 binding site characterized by binding studies, kinetics, and crystal structure has been described in monoamine oxidase B (MAO B). MAO A also binds imidazolines but has a different active site structure. Docking and molecular dynamics were(More)
The human histamine H4 receptor (hH4R), a member of the G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR) family, is an increasingly attractive drug target. It plays a key role in many cell pathways and many hH4R ligands are studied for the treatment of several inflammatory, allergic and autoimmune disorders, as well as for analgesic activity. Due to the challenging(More)