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OBJECTIVES To report our experience with the clinical effectiveness of endoscopic resection of the prostate using the bipolar Gyrus PlasmaKinetic System. METHODS A total of 120 patients with lower urinary tract symptoms were observed from 2002 to 2005. Of these 120 patients, 90 developed benign prostatic hyperplasia and were considered to have(More)
It is found that both effects of saturable absorption and reverse saturable absorption are obtained with a solution of subphthalocyanine at 532 nm depending on the intensity of 9 ns laser pulses; saturable absorption occurs at lower intensity levels whereas the reverse effect prevails at higher levels; contrary to expectations, subphthalocyanines can behave(More)
A series of five hemiporphyrazines (Hps) with different coordinating central atoms (H2, GeCl2, InCl, Pt, Pb), and the acyclic derivative 1,3-bis-(6'-amino-4'-butoxy-2'-pyridylimino)-1,3-dihydroisoindoline have been synthesized and their multiphoton absorption properties examined at the second harmonic frequency of the Nd:YAG laser in the nanosecond time(More)
Photoactive NiO electrodes for cathodic dye-sensitised solar cells (p-DSCs) have been prepared with thicknesses ranging between 0.4 and 3.0 μm by spray-depositing pre-formed NiO nanoparticles on fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) coated glass substrates. The larger thicknesses were obtained in sequential sintering steps using a conventional furnace (CS) and a(More)
OBJECTIVES Immunotherapy with BCG (Bacille Calmette-Guérin) after transurethral resection of the bladder tumor represents a highly effective primary treatment for intermediate and high-risk superficial bladder cancer. The effectiveness of this therapy has been documented, but its mechanism of action is not clear yet. In the present study, we investigated(More)
The control of luminous radiation has extremely important implications for modern and future technologies as well as in medicine. In this Review, we detail chemical structures and their relevant photophysical features for various groups of materials, including organic dyes such as metalloporphyrins and metallophthalocyanines (and derivatives), other common(More)
In this contribution recent developments in the design and application of bimetallic photocatalysts for the generation of hydrogen via intramolecular processes are assessed. The basic concepts of such assemblies are discussed together with an overview of the factors and molecular issues that affect their potential as photocatalysts. Issues that so far have(More)
The axially substituted binuclear GaCl/GaCl phthalocyanine 1 with an unsymmetrical pattern of substitution has been prepared and its nonlinear optical (NLO) properties determined. The resulting binuclear complex retains approximately the same transition energies of monomeric (RO)8PcGaCl as far as the linear optical spectrum is concerned, although 1 has a(More)
We investigated a range of different mesoporous NiO electrodes prepared by different research groups and private firms in Europe to determine the parameters which influence good quality photoelectrochemical devices. This benchmarking study aims to solve some of the discrepancies in the literature regarding the performance of p-DSCs due to differences in the(More)
Nanoporous NiO thin film electrodes were obtained via plasma-assisted microwave sintering and characterized by means of a combination of electrochemical techniques and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The aim of this study is the elucidation of the nature of the surface changes introduced by the redox processes of this nanostructured material. NiO(More)