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Recent studies have suggested a close relationship between CD4(+)FOXP3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) and proinflammatory IL-17-producing T helper cells (T(H)17) expressing the lineage-specific transcription factor RORgamma t. We report here the unexpected finding that human memory Tregs secrete IL-17 ex vivo and constitutively express RORgamma t.(More)
FOXP3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) are critical regulators of self-tolerance and immune homeostasis. In mice and humans, two subsets of FOXP3(+) Tregs have been defined based on their differential expression of Helios, a transcription factor of the Ikaros family. Whereas the origin, specificity, and differential function of the two subsets are as yet a(More)
Members of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family induce pleiotropic biological responses, including cell growth, differentiation, and even death. Here we describe a novel member of the TNF family, designated BAFF (for B cell activating factor belonging to the TNF family), which is expressed by T cells and dendritic cells. Human BAFF was mapped to(More)
Characterization of cytolytic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses to tumor antigens has been impeded by a lack of direct assays of CTL activity. We have synthesized reagents ("tetramers") that specifically stain CTLs recognizing melanoma antigens. Tetramer staining of tumor-infiltrated lymph nodes ex vivo revealed high frequencies of tumor-specific CTLs which were(More)
Using fluorescent HLA-A*0201 tetramers containing the immunodominant Melan-A/MART-1 (Melan-A) tumor-associated antigen (Ag), we previously observed that metastatic lymph nodes of melanoma patients contain high numbers of Ag-experienced Melan-A-specific cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTLs). In this paper, we enumerated and characterized ex vivo Melan-A-specific(More)
MOTIVATION The T-cell receptor, a major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecule, and a bound antigenic peptide, play major roles in the process of antigen-specific T-cell activation. T-cell recognition was long considered exquisitely specific. Recent data also indicate that it is highly flexible, and one receptor may recognize thousands of different(More)
CD4CD25 Tregs play a central role in the maintenance of peripheral self tolerance by keeping autoreactive T cells in check. Whereas the thymic origin of CD4CD25 Tregs, as a distinct lineage, has been inferred, understanding of their developmental pathways has remained elusive. In both mice and humans, peripheral CD4CD25 Treg populations have been described(More)
Like most somatic human cells, T lymphocytes have a limited replicative life span. This phenomenon, called senescence, presents a serious barrier to clinical applications that require large numbers of Ag-specific T cells such as adoptive transfer therapy. Ectopic expression of hTERT, the human catalytic subunit of the enzyme telomerase, permits fibroblasts(More)
CD8(+) cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL) play a fundamental role in the clearance of malaria parasites from the liver in mouse models. In humans, however, only low levels of parasite-specific CD8(+) T lymphocytes have been observed in individuals living in endemic areas. In the present study, we identified high levels of circulating CD8(+) T lymphocytes(More)
Recent studies have shown that CTL epitopes derived from tumor-associated Ags can be encoded by both primary and nonprimary open reading frames (ORF). In this study we have analyzed the HLA-A2-restricted CD8(+) T cell response to a recently identified CTL epitope derived from an alternative ORF product of gene LAGE-1 (named CAMEL), and the highly homologous(More)