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Members of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family induce pleiotropic biological responses, including cell growth, differentiation, and even death. Here we describe a novel member of the TNF family, designated BAFF (for B cell activating factor belonging to the TNF family), which is expressed by T cells and dendritic cells. Human BAFF was mapped to(More)
In humans, NK receptors are expressed by natural killer cells and some T cells, the latter of which are preferentially alphabetaTCR+ CD8+ cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL). In this study we analyzed the expression of nine NK receptors (p58.1, p58.2, p70, p140, ILT2, NKRP1A, ZIN176, CD94 and CD94/NKG2A) in PBL from both healthy donors and melanoma patients. The(More)
The Melan-A/MART-1 gene, which is expressed by normal melanocytes as well as by most fresh melanoma samples and melanoma cell lines, codes for Ags recognized by tumor-reactive CTL. HLA-A*0201-restricted Melan-A-specific CTL recognize primarily the Melan-A(27-35) (AAGIGILTV) and the Melan-A(26-35) (EAAGIGILTV) peptides. The sequences of these two peptides(More)
Recent studies have suggested a close relationship between CD4(+)FOXP3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) and proinflammatory IL-17-producing T helper cells (T(H)17) expressing the lineage-specific transcription factor RORgamma t. We report here the unexpected finding that human memory Tregs secrete IL-17 ex vivo and constitutively express RORgamma t.(More)
The MAGE-3 gene is a member of a multigene family that is selectively expressed by subsets of different human tumor types, including malignant melanoma, but not by normal tissues except for testis and placenta. A cytolytic T lymphocyte (CTL)-defined MAGE-3 antigen, corresponding to the MAGE-3 peptide 271-279 associated with the human leukocyte antigen(More)
FOXP3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) are critical regulators of self-tolerance and immune homeostasis. In mice and humans, two subsets of FOXP3(+) Tregs have been defined based on their differential expression of Helios, a transcription factor of the Ikaros family. Whereas the origin, specificity, and differential function of the two subsets are as yet a(More)
Characterization of cytolytic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses to tumor antigens has been impeded by a lack of direct assays of CTL activity. We have synthesized reagents ("tetramers") that specifically stain CTLs recognizing melanoma antigens. Tetramer staining of tumor-infiltrated lymph nodes ex vivo revealed high frequencies of tumor-specific CTLs which were(More)
Recent data suggest that human effector CD8+ T cells express a distinct CD27-CD45RAhigh (CD57+CD28-CD11ahigh) phenotype. Here, we propose that CTL effector function correlates better with CD56 (neuronal cell adhesion molecule (NCAM)) surface expression. CD56 was absent on cord blood CD8+ T cells, but was expressed by 4-30% of freshly isolated circulating(More)
CD4CD25 Tregs play a central role in the maintenance of peripheral self tolerance by keeping autoreactive T cells in check. Whereas the thymic origin of CD4CD25 Tregs, as a distinct lineage, has been inferred, understanding of their developmental pathways has remained elusive. In both mice and humans, peripheral CD4CD25 Treg populations have been described(More)
The membrane receptor 2B4 is a CD2 family member that is involved in lymphocyte activation. A fraction of human CD8+ alphabeta T cells up-regulate 2B4 in vivo, and here we demonstrate that this correlates with the acquisition of effector cell properties such as granzyme B and perforin expression, rapid IFN-gamma production, and down-regulation of the lymph(More)