Learn More
PURPOSE Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a group of conditions characterized by symptoms that onset in early childhood. Deficits in social skills and communication are two of the core features of ASD and, if not remediated, can lead to poor long-term outcomes. Few researchers have examined characteristics of social skills and communication in infants(More)
Autistic disorder and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) are types of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) characterized by social deficits, communication impairments, as well as stereotyped and repetitive interests and behaviors (Matson, 2007a, 2007b; Matson, Matson, & Rivet, 2007a). Although motor impairments are not a core(More)
BACKGROUND The Autism Spectrum Disorder Observation for Children (ASD-OC) is a new observation scale used to assess autistic symptomatology. As the publication of the fifth edition Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) is approaching, exploring the effect of the changing DSM criteria has begun to occur. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare(More)
OBJECTIVE The diagnostic stability of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) at very young ages continues to be debated, despite empirical evidence that ASDs can be reliably diagnosed in children under the age of 3 years. This topic is of the upmost importance given that early intervention increases long-term outcomes in this population. METHODS The goal of the(More)
Owing to the improvements in the management of haemophilia, children with severe haemophilia in the United Kingdom have very different experiences of their condition compared with many adults' early experiences of haemophilia. However, haemophilia can still have physical and social effects which can impact on the quality of life, not only for a child who(More)
Challenging behaviors in persons with intellectual disabilities are primary target for treatment in mental health clinics and institutions. Furthermore, an increasing number of people are receiving psychotropic medications for the management of their challenging behaviors. Many people are often treated with high doses of multiple psychotropic medications(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide an overview and critical assessment of common problems and best evidence practice in treatments for the challenging behaviours (CBs) of adults with intellectual disabilities (IDs). METHOD Commonly observed problems that present obstacles to successful treatment plans are discussed, followed by an analysis of available research on the(More)
OBJECTIVE Investigations about first concerns among parents of toddlers with ASD and comparisons of the same with children diagnosed with other developmental disorders are scarce. METHOD The current study utilized a sample of toddlers diagnosed with an ASD or other developmental delay and examined the nature of parents' first concern and the age of first(More)
PURPOSE Challenging behaviours are a commonly co-occuring problem in children with ASD and are often present during the toddler years. The relationship that these challenging behaviours have with core features of ASD, specifically social behaviours, was examined in this study. METHOD This study analysed the relationship between socialization and(More)
Social skills are an important part of development, and deficits in this area have long-term impacts on a child. As a result, clinicians should include a measure of social skills as part of a comprehensive assessment. There are a few well-researched measures of social skills that are currently used, including the Matson Evaluation of Social Skills with(More)