Danielle S Brown

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The present study examined the relationship between the supply of exogenous nucleic acid (NA) purines and their recovery as the derivatives hypoxanthine, xanthine, uric acid and allantoin in urine. Six lambs, totally nourished by intragastric infusions of volatile fatty acids (VFA) and casein (i.e. no rumen fermentation), were given by abomasal infusion a(More)
Maternal protein deficiency during pregnancy is associated with changes in glucose tolerance and hypertension in the offspring of rats. In this study the growth of rat fetuses was examined when the dams were fed diets containing 18% casein, 9% casein or 8% casein supplemented with threonine. The extra threonine was added to reverse the decrease in(More)
The effects of either low (25 mumol/min) or high (235 mumol/min) infusion of NH4Cl into the mesenteric vein for 5 d were determined on O2 consumption plus urea and amino acid transfers across the portal-drained viscera (PDV) and liver of young sheep. Kinetic transfers were followed by use of 15NH4Cl for 10 h on the fifth day with simultaneous infusion of(More)
Essential amino acid (EAA) utilization by gastrointestinal tract (GIT) tissues has been investigated in sheep given 800 and 1,200 g/day lucerne pellets. Animals prepared with indwelling catheters into the aorta and the portal drained viscera plus cannulas into the small intestine were infused with mixed U-13C-labeled amino acid or (1-13C]leucine tracers(More)
Experiments were conducted to compare the rates of apparent absorption (disappearance) of individual essential amino acids (EAA) from the small intestine with their net fluxes across the mesenteric- (MDV) and portal- (PDV) drained viscera in sheep given a pelleted alfalfa diet at two levels of intake. Disappearances of individual EAA across the region of(More)
The reversible and dose-dependent hyperplastic growth of the small intestine and accelerated epithelial cell turnover caused by feeding rats with diets containing kidney bean lectin (PHA) increased the proportion of immature cells on the villi whose membrane and/or cytoplasm contained mainly simple, polymannosylated glycans. These new alpha-linked mannosyl(More)
Incorporation of N-acetylglucosamine-specific agglutinins from wheat germ (Triticum aestivum; WGA), thorn apple (Datura stramonium) or nettle (Urtica dioica) rhizomes in the diet at the level of 7 g/kg reduced the apparent digestibility and utilization of dietary proteins and the growth of rats, with WGA being the most damaging. As a result of their binding(More)
The lectin, phytohaemagglutinin, present in beans survives passage through the gastrointestinal tract in a biologically and immunologically intact form. It is known that by binding to the brush border membranes of the small intestine phytohaemagglutinin induces its hyperplastic growth. However, its effect on the other parts of the gut are not known. This(More)
The response in whole-body and splanchnic tissue mass and isotope amino acid transfers in both plasma and blood has been studied in sheep offered 800 g lucerne (Medicago sativa) pellets/d. Amino acid mass transfers were quantified over a 4 h period, by arterio-venous procedures, across the portal-drained viscera (PDV) and liver on day 5 of an intravenous(More)
The present experiment was designed to elucidate the mechanism of the methionine-sparing effect of excess branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) reported in the previous paper (Langer & Fuller, 2000). Twelve growing gilts (30-35 kg) were prepared with arterial catheters. After recovery, they received for 7 d a semipurified diet with a balanced amino acid(More)