Danielle M Cohen

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Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY), characterised by non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) with an early age of onset, is a genetically heterogeneous disorder. In most MODY kindreds described in France, chronic hyperglycaemia is caused by mutations in the gene encoding pancreatic beta-cell and liver glucokinase (GCK). We here report the(More)
The effect of control of houseflies on the incidence of diarrhoea and shigellosis was evaluated in a prospective crossover intervention study at two military field bases several kilometers apart. In early summer, 1988, intensive fly control measures (mainly bait and trap strategy) were introduced on one base, while the other served as a control. After 11(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that preeclampsia is associated with complement dysregulation. The origin of complement dysregulation in preeclampsia is unknown, and further unraveling this mechanism could provide both diagnostic tools and therapeutic targets. Because the placenta is believed to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia, we(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this double-blind randomised vaccine-controlled trial was to assess the efficacy of a conjugate vaccine composed of Shigella sonnei O-specific polysaccharide bound to Pseudomonas aeruginosa recombinant exoprotein A (S sonnei-rEPA) and of an oral, live-attenuated Escherichia coli/S flexneri 2a (EcSf2a-2) hybrid vaccine among military(More)
Elk-1, a member of the ternary complex factor family of Ets domain proteins that bind serum response elements, is activated by phosphorylation in a cell-specific manner in response to growth factors and other agents. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether Elk-1 activation contributes to glucose-/depolarization-induced Ca(2+)-dependent(More)
Grapevine leafroll–associated virus-3 (GLRaV-3) is transmitted from infected grapevines to healthy vines by mealybugs. The stylet penetration behaviour of Pseudococcus longispinus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) was electronically monitored on leaves of grape plants to quantify the time taken to access the phloem and the duration of phloem ingestion. More of(More)
In a prospective study, 105 infants aged 3-12 months with acute otitis media were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: amoxycillin/clavulanate ('Augmentin') alone (36 patients), myringotomy plus placebo (35 patients), or augmentin plus myringotomy (34 patients). The last two groups were double-blinded. Bacterial pathogens, mainly Haemophilus(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the relationship between multimorbidity and healthcare utilisation patterns among the highest cost patients in a large, integrated healthcare system. DESIGN In this retrospective cross-sectional study of all patients in the U.S. Veterans Affairs (VA) Health Care System, we aggregated costs of individuals' outpatient and inpatient(More)