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1. A characteristic behaviour, the 'Mauthner-initiated startle response', was recorded and quantitatively analysed with high-speed cinematography (200 frames/sec) after vibrational stimulation in 11 of 13 teleost species which possess Mauthner cells. 2. The latency of the response is 5-10 msec. This behaviour has: (a) an initial phase, the 'fast-body-bend',(More)
Central connections of the olfactory bulb of Polypterus palmas were studied with the use of horseradish peroxidase and cobalt-tracing techniques. The olfactory bulb projects to subpallial and pallial areas in the ipsilateral telencephalon; a projection to the contralateral subpallium is noted via the habenular commissure. A further target of secondary(More)
The distribution of FMRFamide-like immunoreactive (ir) neurons and fibers was investigated in the central nervous system of developing zebrafish and juvenile sturgeon (sterlet). Adult zebrafish was also studied. In zebrafish embryos FMRFamide-ir elements first appeared 30 h post-fertilization (PF). Ir somata were located in the olfactory placode and in the(More)
Retinotectal projections were studied in 33 different species of Actinopterygii, the ray-finned fishes, with horseradish peroxidase and cobalt tracing techniques. The distribution of retinorecipient layers in the contralateral optic tectum was analyzed. In addition, the degree of differentiation of the stratum periventriculare, and the presence of(More)
Three patterns of pretectal organization can be discerned morphologically in teleosts. The taxonomic distribution of these pretectal patterns suggests that the intermediately complex pattern (seen in most teleost groups) has given rise to both the elaborate pattern (seen in percomorphs) and the simple pattern (seen in cyprinids). Two pretectal patterns(More)
We have investigated the GnRH-ir neuronal systems in the brain of the oviparous urodele, Triturus vulgaris, ovoviviparous urodele, Salamandra salamandra, and viviparous caecilian, Typhlonectes compressicauda, and have reexamined Xenopus laevis, Ambystoma mexicanum, and Rana esculenta. Results showed that mGnRH neuronal system was diffused along the(More)
The central connections of the goldfish olfactory bulb were studied with the use of horseradish peroxidase methods. The olfactory bulb projects bilaterally to ventral and dorsolateral areas of the telencephalon; further targets include the nucleus praeopticus periventricularis and a caudal olfactory nucleus near the nucleus posterior tuberis in the(More)
When several years old, pacific salmon return to the site of birth, to spawn. At this time, a rapid aging process begins and the fish die within a few weeks after reproducing. Age-related changes of high and low affinity GABA binding sites were studied in salmon brains at three different phases of the spawning migration, i.e. shortly after returning to the(More)
Soybean agglutinin (SBA) is known to selectively label a portion of neurons in amphibian and mammalian primary olfactory systems. Hitherto, no other distinctive features have been found to correlate with the two neuronal populations. Investigating SBA-HRP binding in olfactory mucosa and CNS of Xenopus, we noted that labelled and unlabelled structures can(More)
Comparing eight species of frogs adapted to habitats ranging from aquatic to arboreal, we observed differences in the affinity of primary olfactory projections to the lectin 'soybean agglutinin'. Particularly pronounced differences exist between Pipa, a frog that rarely leaves the water, and Eleutherodactylus, an arboreal species that does not even utilize(More)